Learn More
This study determined the reproducibility of cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic responses to submaximal cycle ergometer exercise at two power outputs (50 W and 60% VO2max) on each of two separate days in a sample of 390 subjects (198 men and 192 women) participating in the HERITAGE Family Study. The same protocol was conducted across 3 d in an(More)
The HERITAGE family study (HEalth, RIsk factors, exercise Training And GEnetics) will document the role of the genotype in the cardiovascular, metabolic, and hormonal responses to aerobic exercise training. A consortium of five universities in the United States and Canada are involved in carrying out the study. A total of 90 Caucasian families and 40(More)
BACKGROUND Among adrenergic receptor subtypes that regulate lipid mobilization, the alpha2-adrenergic receptor is involved in the inhibition of fatty acid mobilization from adipose tissue. A C-1291G polymorphism is located in the alpha2-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRA2A) but no association with body fat accumulation has been reported yet. MATERIALS AND(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between changes in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and submaximal markers of aerobic fitness and changes in risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) consequent to a 20-week endurance training program. The 502 participants in this study were(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between elite endurance athlete (EEA) status and two restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) at the muscle-specific creatine kinase (CKMM) gene locus. Genomic DNA was extracted from white blood cells or lymphoblastoid cell lines of 124 unrelated Caucasian male EEA (VO2max > 73(More)
Abdominal obesity is associated with numerous metabolic alterations, such as hypertriglyceridemia and low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. However, compared with abdominally obese white individuals, abdominally obese black individuals have been characterized by higher plasma HDL cholesterol levels, suggesting that the impact of(More)
An autosomal genomewide search for genes related to body composition and its changes after a 20-wk endurance-exercise training program has been completed in the HERITAGE Family Study. Phenotypes included body mass index (BMI), sum of eight skinfold thicknesses, fat mass (FM), fat-free mass, percent body fat (%Fat), and plasma leptin levels. A maximum of 364(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of sex, age and race on the relation between body mass index (BMI) and measured percent body fat (%fat). DESIGN Cross-sectional validation study of sedentary individuals. SUBJECTS The Heritage Family Study cohort of 665 black and white men and women who ranged in age from 17 to 65 y. MEASUREMENTS Body density determined(More)
Acute and chronic effects of exercise on leptin levels in humans.—The acute (single bout of exercise) and chronic (exercise training) effects of exercise on plasma leptin were investigated in 97 sedentary adult men (n 5 51) and women (n 5 46) participating in the HERITAGE Family Study. Exercise training consisted of a standardized 20-wk endurance training(More)
The familial aggregation of lipids and lipoproteins and plasma postheparin triglyceride lipases was investigated in 86 Caucasian families participating in the HERITAGE Family study, a study investigating the role of genetic factors in the adaptation to exercise training and its relationships with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Accordingly, sedentary(More)