Jacques Gagnon

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This study investigates the familial resemblance of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) based on data from 86 nuclear families of Caucasian descent participating in the HERITAGE Family Study. In the current study, VO2max was measured twice on a cycle ergometer in 429 sedentary individuals (170 parents and 259 of their offspring), aged between 16 and 65 yr. The(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that individual differences in the response of maximal O(2) uptake (VO(2max)) to a standardized training program are characterized by familial aggregation. A total of 481 sedentary adult Caucasians from 98 two-generation families was exercise trained for 20 wk and was tested for VO(2max) on a cycle ergometer(More)
The HERITAGE family study (HEalth, RIsk factors, exercise Training And GEnetics) will document the role of the genotype in the cardiovascular, metabolic, and hormonal responses to aerobic exercise training. A consortium of five universities in the United States and Canada are involved in carrying out the study. A total of 90 Caucasian families and 40(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of sex, age and race on the relation between body mass index (BMI) and measured percent body fat (%fat). DESIGN Cross-sectional validation study of sedentary individuals. SUBJECTS The Heritage Family Study cohort of 665 black and white men and women who ranged in age from 17 to 65 y. MEASUREMENTS Body density determined(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between elite endurance athlete (EEA) status and two restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) at the muscle-specific creatine kinase (CKMM) gene locus. Genomic DNA was extracted from white blood cells or lymphoblastoid cell lines of 124 unrelated Caucasian male EEA (VO2max > 73(More)
It has been suggested that genetic variation in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with physical performance. We studied the association between the ACE insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism and several fitness phenotypes measured before and after 20 wk of a standardized endurance training program in sedentary Caucasian (n = 476)(More)
Chromosomal synteny between the mouse model and humans was used to map a gene for the complex trait of obesity. Analysis of NZB/BINJ x SM/J intercross mice located a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for obesity on distal mouse chromosome 2, in a region syntenic with a large region of human chromosome 20, showing linkage to percent body fat (likelihood of the(More)
This study aimed to identify human genomic regions that are linked to maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2 max)) in sedentary individuals or to the responsiveness of VO(2 max) to a standardized endurance training program. The results of a genomic scan based on 289 polymorphic markers covering all 22 pairs of autosomes performed on the Caucasian families of the(More)
The familial aggregation of lipids and lipoproteins and plasma postheparin triglyceride lipases was investigated in 86 Caucasian families participating in the HERITAGE Family study, a study investigating the role of genetic factors in the adaptation to exercise training and its relationships with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Accordingly, sedentary(More)
This study examined the association between a DNA polymorphism in the muscle-specific creatine kinase (CKMM) gene and VO2max in the sedentary state, as well as its response (deltaVO2max) to a standardized 20-wk endurance training program. The subjects were 160 biologically unrelated Caucasian parents (80 women, 80 men) and 80 biologically unrelated adult(More)