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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) outcomes within a group of patients treated for pectus excavatum (PE). METHODS A retrospective 3-year review of patients undergoing Nuss or Ravitch correction of PE was performed. Health-related quality-of-life assessment was performed using the Child(More)
OBJECTIVE We reviewed 5 years' experience with peritoneal dialysis in children with acute renal failure after cardiac operations. We hypothesized that peritoneal dialysis is safe and effective in children with low-output cardiac failure after cardiac operations. RESULTS Mortality in these patients with renal failure (n = 32) was 46.9%. Fluid removed by(More)
Biventricular (BiV) pacing or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an established therapy for heart failure in adults. In children, cardiac dyssynchrony occurs most commonly following repair of congenital heart disease (CHD) where multisite pacing has been shown to improve both hemodynamics and ventricular function. Determining which patient types(More)
A 15 year retrospective evaluation of peripheral vascular trauma in infants and children was undertaken. Forty-eight affected limbs in 47 patients (mean age 5.1 years) were explored for peripheral arterial injury. There were 40 iatrogenic, five penetrating and three blunt injuries. Thrombectomy alone, thrombectomy with autogenous saphenous vein patch(More)
Over the past 9 months, three cases of primary pulmonary rhabdomyosarcoma have been treated at British Columbia Children's Hospital. Two patients (aged 24 and 37 months) presented with spontaneous pneumothoraces and had cystic changes in the affected lung on chest radiograph. The third patient (aged 42 months) was evaluated for chronic cough, fever, and(More)
Partial pulmonary resection in early childhood is well tolerated. Although long-term outcome has been described in several follow-up studies, almost no information is available on postoperative lung perfusion. We studied 14 patients 3 to 20 years (mean, 11.6 years) after they underwent partial pulmonary resection at 1 week to 30 months of age (mean, 6.8(More)
Valve replacement in children has always been associated with a high mortality, outgrowth of the prosthetic valve and difficulty in managing anticoagulation. Between January 1985 and April 1991, 20 patients (14 males and 6 females) underwent replacement of a left-sided cardiac valve. The median age at diagnosis was 21.6 months (1 to 120 months) and the(More)
Between 1971 and March 1986, 61 patients underwent surgery for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Age at operation varied from 3.5 to 76 years (mean 38). The standard approach was a generous transaortic myectomy. One-quarter of the patients underwent concomitant repair of associated lesions. There was one operative and two late deaths, for an(More)
It has been widely stated that pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is contraindicated in the setting of double inlet left ventricle with transposition of the great vessels (DILV/TGA), especially if aortic arch obstruction is present. We postulated that the poor results for this condition reflect the tendency to leave the band in place long-term without early(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of corticosteroids in hastening the recovery of children with postpericardiotomy syndrome, using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in a tertiary care referral center for pediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery. Twenty-one children, 6 months of age or older (mean age 3.9 years) with(More)