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We investigated the isotropic diffusion coefficient (D’) and fractional anisotropy (FA) in white matter (WM) during brain development, using an optimised diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) method with whole brain coverage in a clinically acceptable time. We images 52 children with no evident neurological abnormality (30 boys, 22 girls aged 1 day–16 years) using(More)
A multidiffusion-tensor model (MDT) is presented containing two anisotropic and one isotropic diffusion tensors. This approach has the ability to detect areas of fiber crossings and resolve the direction of crossing fibers. The mean diffusivity and the ratio of the tensor compartments were merged to one independent parameter by fitting MDT to the(More)
Our aim was to assess the value of a new fast contrast-enhanced MR venography (CE-MRV) sequence in the investigation of normal and diseased cerebral veins. Conventional time-of-flight (TOF) MRV is time consuming, with imaging for a single sequence taking many minutes. MRI was performed with a clinical 1.5-T scanner; conventional TOF MRV followed by CE-MRV(More)
Rhombencephalosynapsis is a rare congenital abnormality characterised by dorsal fusion of the cerebellar hemispheres, agenesis or hypogenesis of the vermis, fusion of dentate nuclei and superior cerebellar peduncles. We describe 9 children, aged 1.5 to 6 years, with rhombencephalosynapsis. Isolated rhombencephalosynapsis was found in 2 patients,(More)
N-acetylaspartate (NAA) contributes to the most prominent signal in proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) of the adult human brain. We report the absence of NAA in the brain of a 3-year-old child with neurodevelopmental retardation and moderately delayed myelination. Since normal concentration of NAA in body fluids is hardly detectable, 1H-MRS is(More)
We report a 20-year-old woman who suffered headaches before presenting with a state of fluctuating vigilance. MRI showed diffuse high signal in the basal ganglia bilaterally on diffusion- and T2-weighted images, which had areas of both low and high apparent diffusion coefficient, presumed to correspond to cytotoxic and vasogenic oedema. MR venography showed(More)
We report three boys in whom a diagnosis of Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) was assumed from characteristic neuroimaging findings. LDD was confirmed by an open biopsy in patient 1, while a biopsy in patient 2 was inconclusive. Histologic confirmation in patient 3 was deliberately not attempted. However, a follow-up observation of stable clinical and(More)
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in infants is extremely rare [3, 4, 5]. We report a 6-week-old girl with tick-borne meningo-encephalitis demonstrating that TBE virus (TBEV) has to be considered as a causative agent of meningo-encephalitis in infants in endemic areas. A 6-week-old girl born at term presented after a 2-day history of fever with vomiting,(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is an X-linked disorder characterized by major abnormalities of eyes, nervous system, and kidneys. We report two patients with typical intracranial lesions on MRI. The proton spectroscopy study of the periventricular white matter showed a moderate elevation of the signal at 3.56 ppm in the patient with cystic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor imaging measures the proton diffusivity and preferential orientation of the diffusion tensor. X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a demyelinating disease for which therapy depends on the onset and extension of demyelination. We investigated the ability of diffusion tensor imaging to detect changes in the demyelinated(More)