Jacques Flament

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair is a fundamental process designed to keep the integrity of genomic DNA that is continuously challenged by intrinsic or environmental induced alterations. Numerous genes involved in DNA repair have been cloned and are involved in different DNA repair pathways: base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, mismatch(More)
Ocular toxoplasmosis is the major cause of posterior uvetis in European populations. The clinical diagnosis of toxoplasmic chorioretinitis is based upon ophthalmoscopic findings, which are often but not always typical. Laboratory testing is therefore important to confirm the etiology of the disease. In the present 2-year prospective study, the relative(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous posterior uveitis (PU) can be associated with systemic diseases, and certain forms have strong association with HLA antigens. Much less is known regarding intermediate uveitis (IU). The purpose of this study was to determine whether IU is associated with the HLA system and whether it can be associated with systemic symptoms. METHODS(More)
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genotype DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302/DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 has been identified as a marker strongly predisposing to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in Caucasian populations. Its frequency in control populations (1-3%) is still, however, 1 order of magnitude higher than the prevalence of IDDM, suggesting that its(More)
The analysis of the FOXL2 gene (3q23) in a series of two families and two sporadic cases affected with Blepharophimosis-Ptosis-Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome (BPES) is presented. This study detected two novel FOXL2 mutations (missence and nonsens mutations) and confirmed the recurrence of a previously described duplication. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of(More)
T he Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS) (MIM 248800) is an autosomal recessive condition characterised by cataracts , ataxia, and growth and mental retardation. Chronic myopathy is a common feature. Peripheral neuropathy and acute rhabdomyolysis have been described occasionally in MSS. To date, no gene for it has been localised. Congenital cataracts-facial(More)
PURPOSE To report a late-onset cone-rod dystrophy that revealed a familial neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa syndrome as a consequence of the T8993G mitochondrial mutation. METHODS Observational case series. A 42-year-old female disclosed a late-onset retinal dystrophy. The family history revealed that her three sons, one of(More)
Biometric modifications were observed on eyeballs operated upon using the indentation method of Lincoff. The biometric modification of the anteroposterieur axis of the eye was studied by an opticoechographic method. 30 eyeballs with retinal detachment were operated upon using the Lincoff method with silastic implants. The length of the eyeball is not(More)