Jacques Flament

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The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genotype DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302/DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 has been identified as a marker strongly predisposing to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in Caucasian populations. Its frequency in control populations (1-3%) is still, however, 1 order of magnitude higher than the prevalence of IDDM, suggesting that its(More)
Ocular toxoplasmosis is the major cause of posterior uvetis in European populations. The clinical diagnosis of toxoplasmic chorioretinitis is based upon ophthalmoscopic findings, which are often but not always typical. Laboratory testing is therefore important to confirm the etiology of the disease. In the present 2-year prospective study, the relative(More)
The Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS) (MIM 248800) is an autosomal recessive condition characterised by cataracts, ataxia, and growth and mental retardation. Chronic myopathy is a common feature. Peripheral neuropathy and acute rhabdomyolysis have been described occasionally in MSS. To date, no gene for it has been localised. Congenital cataracts-facial(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the results of cataract extraction without primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children. SETTING Ophthalmology Unit, University Hospital, Strasbourg, France. METHODS This retrospective study comprised 157 congenital cataract cases (55 bilateral and 47 unilateral) treated between 1985 and 2001. Evaluated were the functional(More)
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome is a rare multiple congenital malformation syndrome defined by an evocative midfacial retraction, kidney and urinary malformations and multiple skeletal abnormalities associated to a recently described neurodegenerative process. Two children with SGS are reported with identical clinical findings: megacalycosis, progressive(More)
The polymorphic variable number of tandem repeats in the 5' upstream region of the human insulin gene is a well-known non-human leukocyte antigen locus contributing to genetic susceptibility to IDDM. Controversy exists about the question as to whether INS susceptibility haplotypes are or are not preferentially inherited together with HLA-DR4 haplotypes. We(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair is a fundamental process designed to keep the integrity of genomic DNA that is continuously challenged by intrinsic or environmental induced alterations. Numerous genes involved in DNA repair have been cloned and are involved in different DNA repair pathways: base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, mismatch(More)
PURPOSE Several ocular defects have been identified as a consequence of the PAX6 gene mutations. With regard to the implication of this gene in unusual phenotypes, we report a family presenting with congenital nystagmus, foveal hypoplasia, and iris hypoplasia or atypical coloboma. DESIGN Observational case report. METHODS The entire transcribed region(More)
The analysis of the FOXL2 gene (3q23) in a series of two families and two sporadic cases affected with Blepharophimosis-Ptosis-Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome (BPES) is presented. This study detected two novel FOXL2 mutations (missence and nonsens mutations) and confirmed the recurrence of a previously described duplication. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of(More)