Jacques Flament

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Ocular toxoplasmosis is the major cause of posterior uvetis in European populations. The clinical diagnosis of toxoplasmic chorioretinitis is based upon ophthalmoscopic findings, which are often but not always typical. Laboratory testing is therefore important to confirm the etiology of the disease. In the present 2-year prospective study, the relative(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the results of cataract extraction without primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children. SETTING Ophthalmology Unit, University Hospital, Strasbourg, France. METHODS This retrospective study comprised 157 congenital cataract cases (55 bilateral and 47 unilateral) treated between 1985 and 2001. Evaluated were the functional(More)
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome is a rare multiple congenital malformation syndrome defined by an evocative midfacial retraction, kidney and urinary malformations and multiple skeletal abnormalities associated to a recently described neurodegenerative process. Two children with SGS are reported with identical clinical findings: megacalycosis, progressive(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair is a fundamental process designed to keep the integrity of genomic DNA that is continuously challenged by intrinsic or environmental induced alterations. Numerous genes involved in DNA repair have been cloned and are involved in different DNA repair pathways: base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, mismatch(More)
PURPOSE Several ocular defects have been identified as a consequence of the PAX6 gene mutations. With regard to the implication of this gene in unusual phenotypes, we report a family presenting with congenital nystagmus, foveal hypoplasia, and iris hypoplasia or atypical coloboma. DESIGN Observational case report. METHODS The entire transcribed region(More)
The analysis of the FOXL2 gene (3q23) in a series of two families and two sporadic cases affected with Blepharophimosis-Ptosis-Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome (BPES) is presented. This study detected two novel FOXL2 mutations (missence and nonsens mutations) and confirmed the recurrence of a previously described duplication. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of(More)
PURPOSE To report a late-onset cone-rod dystrophy that revealed a familial neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa syndrome as a consequence of the T8993G mitochondrial mutation. METHODS Observational case series. A 42-year-old female disclosed a late-onset retinal dystrophy. The family history revealed that her three sons, one of(More)
The multiple-dose twice-daily efficacy of the topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor MK-927, a racemic compound, was compared with that of its pharmacologically more active S-enantiomer in a four-center, double-masked, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel study of 1.8% sezolamide hydrochloride (MK-417), 2% MK-927, and placebo, given twice daily to 48(More)