Jacques Fabry

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of hospital-acquired diarrhoea during an epidemic period through a prospective multicentre observational study. A systemic investigation of the hospital-acquired diarrhoea (occurring at least 48 h after hospital admission) was conducted through a standardised questionnaire from January to March 1999 in patients(More)
OBJECTIVES A hospital-based case-referent study was carried out in Lyon with the purpose of generating hypotheses about the role of occupational exposures to 320 compounds in bladder carcinogenesis. METHODS Job histories were obtained by questionnaire for 116 cases and 232 reference patients with diseases other than cancer (one referent from the same(More)
This study was performed to evaluate associations between organisational characteristics, routine practices and the incidence densities of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CVC-BSI rates) in European intensive care units (ICUs) as part of the HELICS project (Hospitals in Europe Link for Infection Control through Surveillance).(More)
Study objective: To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among patients in general practices. Design and Participants: A screening campaign requested by the French Health Insurance Fund and involving 271 general practitioners (GPs) and 96% of the 95 medical laboratories was conducted in the Lyon area. Each GP participated for one(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify modes of HCV transmission during an outbreak of HCV infection in a hemodialysis unit. DESIGN An epidemiologic study, virologic analysis, assessment of infection control practices and procedures, and technical examination of products and dialysis machines. SETTING A private hemodialysis unit treating approximately 70 patients. (More)
We present a score for assessing the quality of ICU care in terms of structure and process, based on bibliographic review, expert consultations, field test, analysis, and final consensus, and analyze its initial application in the field. This feasibility and observational study was conducted within the framework of a French regional clinical research(More)
Health-care-associated infection (HAI) is a major issue of patient safety with a substantial impact on morbidity, mortality, and use of additional resources worldwide. In April 2004, the WHO Regional Office for Europe organised the first international consultation to address the issue of HAI in eastern and central Europe. The main objectives of the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate seven different strategies for the automated detection of nosocomial infections (NIs) in an intensive care unit (ICU) by using different hospital information systems: microbiology database, antibiotic prescriptions, medico-administrative database, and textual hospital discharge summaries. The study involved 1,499(More)