Jacques F.A.P. Miller

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In this report, we show that cross-presentation of self-antigens can lead to the peripheral deletion of autoreactive CD8(+) T cells. We had previously shown that transfer of ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD8(+) T cells (OT-I cells) into rat insulin promoter-membrane-bound form of OVA transgenic mice, which express the model autoantigen OVA in the proximal(More)
Class I-restricted presentation is usually associated with cytoplasmic degradation of cellular proteins and is often considered inaccessible to exogenous antigens. Nonetheless, certain exogenous elements can gain entry into this so-called endogenous pathway by a mechanism termed cross-presentation. This is known to be effective for class I-restricted(More)
We previously described a mechanism for the maintenance of peripheral self-tolerance. This involves the cross-presentation of tissue-associated antigens by a bone marrow-derived cell type that stimulates the proliferation and ultimate deletion of self-reactive CD8 T cells. This process has been referred to as cross-tolerance. Here, we characterize the(More)
Self-antigens expressed in extrathymic tissues such as the pancreas can be transported to draining lymph nodes and presented in a class I-restricted manner by bone marrow-derived antigen-presenting cells. Such cross-presentation of self-antigens leads to CD8+ T cell tolerance induction via deletion. In this report, we investigate the influence of CD4+ T(More)
Naive T cells recirculate mainly within the secondary lymphoid compartment, but once activated they can enter peripheral tissues and perform effector functions. To activate naive T cells, foreign antigens must traffic from the site of infection to the draining lymph nodes, where they can be presented by professional antigen presenting cells. For major(More)
The Ly and Ia phenotypes of T lymphocytes involved in different functions were characterized by the use of specific antisera. T cells responsible for delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) and for helper functions were found to be Ly-1+,2- in contrast to cytotoxic T cells and T cells responsible for suppression of antibody responses which were Ly-1-,2+. Unlike(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted cross-presentation of exogenous self-antigens can induce peripheral T cell tolerance by deletion of autoreactive CD8+ T cells. In these studies, naive ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD8+ T cells from the transgenic line OT-I were injected into transgenic mice expressing(More)
Key words: CD8 ϩ T lymphocytes • Cytotoxic T lymphocyte • CD4 ϩ T lymphocyte • T cell tolerance • T cell deletion • APC • DC • transgenic mice • ovalbumin T lymphocytes develop within the thymus, where they are positively selected for self-restriction and purged of cells exhibiting strong reactivity to self-antigens presented within this microenvironment.(More)
By transgenic expression of ovalbumin (OVA) as a model self antigen in the beta cells of the pancreas, we have shown that self tolerance can be maintained by the cross-presentation of this antigen on dendritic cells in the draining lymph nodes. Such cross-presentation causes initial activation of OVA-specific CD8 T cells, which proliferate but are(More)
This report investigates the response of CD8(+) T cells to antigens presented by B cells. When C57BL/6 mice were injected with syngeneic B cells coated with the Kb-restricted ovalbumin (OVA) determinant OVA257-264, OVA-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) tolerance was observed. To investigate the mechanism of tolerance induction, in vitro-activated CD8(+)(More)