Jacques F. A. P. Miller

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Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) which carry the CD8 antigen recognize antigens that are presented on target cells by the class I major histocompatibility complex. CTLs are responsible for the killing of antigen-bearing target cells, such as virus-infected cells. Although CTL effectors can act alone when killing target cells, their differentiation from naive(More)
Ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD8+ T cells from the T cell receptor-transgenic line OT-I (OT-I cells) were injected into unirradiated transgenic RIP-mOVA mice, which express a membrane-bound form of OVA (mOVA) in the pancreatic islet beta cells and the renal proximal tubular cells. OT-I cells accumulated in the draining lymph nodes (LN) of the kidneys and(More)
The present report provides the first extensive characterization of the OT-I TCR transgenic line, which produces MHC class I-restricted, ovalbumin-specific, CD8+ T cells (OT-I cells). These cells are shown to be positively selected in vivo in H-2b C57BL/6 mice and in bm5 mice, which express the Kbm5 mutant molecule. In contrast, OT-I cells were not selected(More)
Recent studies in mice and humans show that the importance of the thymus extends well beyond the initial seeding of the peripheral T-cell pool. Although peripheral homeostasis can maintain T-cell numbers, the thymus is the major, if not the exclusive, source of new T-cell specificities. With age, thymus atrophy dramatically reduces the export of new T cells(More)
In this series of papers it has been shown that the immune response of mice to sheep erythrocytes requires the participation of two classes of lymphoid cells. Thymus-derived cells initially react with antigen and then interact with another class of cells, the antibody-forming cell precursors, to cause their differentiation to antibody-forming cells.(More)
G-banding analysis was carried out on a series of hybrids derived from the fusion of a chromosome 15-trisomic murine T-cell leukemia of AKR origin and normal diploid fibroblasts or lymphocytes of the CBT6T6 strain. Due to the 14;15 translocation involved in the generation of the T6 marker, the chromosomes No. 15 and 14 derived from the normal and the tumor(More)
The nude mutation (nu) causes athymia and hairlessness, but the molecular mechanisms by which it acts have not been determined. To address the role of nu in thymogenesis, we investigated whether all or part of the nude thymic epithelium could be rescued by the presence of wild-type cells in nude <--> wild-type chimeric mice. Detailed immunohistochemical(More)
Each of the two mutants isolated from a fliC (= hag, flagellin-deficient) Escherichia coli strain made motile by a plasmid carrying the fliC gene of Salmonella muenchen by selection for motility in the presence of anti-d (Salmonella flagellar antigen) serum had both lost and gained one or more subfactors of the wild-type antigen. In one mutant codon 246 was(More)
Overexpression of heavy chains of the class I major histocompatibility complex in islet beta cells of transgenic mice is known to induce nonimmune diabetes. We have now overexpressed the secretory protein beta 2-microglobulin in beta cells. Transgenic mice of one lineage had normal islets. Mice of another lineage did not become overtly diabetic but showed(More)