Jacques Etienne Des Marchais

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INTRODUCTION In the process of PBL implementation, faculty members often ask what are the criteria for constructing problems and subsequently evaluating them. Although experts agree on a fundamental theoretical basis for developing problems, mostly prototypical, it is difficult to find specific criteria that could be used in constructing PBL problems. (More)
The Sherbrooke School of Medicine, Quebec, has restructured its entire curriculum to make problem-based learning (PBL) the main instructional format. This complete reform is explained both in terms of process and content. The curriculum problems were clearly identified and overcome by a major structural shift-over following the stages of a strategic(More)
BACKGROUND The acquisition and nurturing of humanistic skills and attitudes constitute an important aim of medical education. In order to assess how conducive the physician-learning environment is to the acquisition of these skills, the authors determined the extent to which clinical teachers are perceived by their trainees as humanistic with patients and(More)
BACKGROUND Students' learning was used as an outcome measure in the first phases of the major curriculum reform started in 1987 by the Université de Sherbrooke Faculty of Medicine, which shifted from a traditional to a student-centered, problem-based learning (PBL) and community-oriented program. The system for evaluating preclinical students' learning is(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The training of caring physicians represents an important goal of medical education. Little is known however, on whether medical faculty constitute good role models for teaching humanistic skills to medical students. In this study, we examined to what extent medical students at innovative and traditional schools perceived their(More)
In 1987, the University of Sherbrooke's school of medicine implemented a student-centred, problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. The experience of the first 5 years is reviewed; program goals, the schedule of learning activities, the instructional format and assessment of student learning are described. The new program is more demanding of teachers and(More)
Over the last 6 years Sherbrooke Medical School has undertaken a major reform of its undergraduate curriculum. A new student-centred, community-oriented curriculum was implemented in September 1987. Problem-based learning (PBL) is now the main educational method. To adequately prepare teachers for the curriculum a series of faculty development programs in(More)
Eighteen patients with fractures of the proximal humerus with at least four fragments, with or without dislocation (group IV, V and VI of Neer's classification), were treated by hemiprosthetic replacement. The average age was 59 years. The follow-up was from 1 to 7 years. Patients were assessed on two occasions by two evaluators using Neer's protocol. The(More)
Since November 1, 1970, doctors in Quebec have been operating under a government-controlled compulsory and universal "fee-for-service" insurance plan. After a review of some characteristics of the new system, the author describes the impact of this social legislation on physicians' lives, control of health delivery costs, and various policy issues. He(More)