Jacques Etienne Des Marchais

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INTRODUCTION In the process of PBL implementation, faculty members often ask what are the criteria for constructing problems and subsequently evaluating them. Although experts agree on a fundamental theoretical basis for developing problems, mostly prototypical, it is difficult to find specific criteria that could be used in constructing PBL problems. (More)
The traditional way of teaching of pharmacology is discussed in three parts. First two trends are presented that impact on the evolution of medical education. The first trend orients teaching toward instructional formats that solicit, and often require full student involvement. This is justified by the second trend: the organization of knowledge into(More)
BACKGROUND The acquisition and nurturing of humanistic skills and attitudes constitute an important aim of medical education. In order to assess how conducive the physician-learning environment is to the acquisition of these skills, the authors determined the extent to which clinical teachers are perceived by their trainees as humanistic with patients and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The training of caring physicians represents an important goal of medical education. Little is known however, on whether medical faculty constitute good role models for teaching humanistic skills to medical students. In this study, we examined to what extent medical students at innovative and traditional schools perceived their(More)
The Sherbrooke School of Medicine, Quebec, has restructured its entire curriculum to make problem-based learning (PBL) the main instructional format. This complete reform is explained both in terms of process and content. The curriculum problems were clearly identified and overcome by a major structural shift-over following the stages of a strategic(More)
In response to stakeholder demands for a more cost-effective clinical examination, the Medical Council of Canada adopted a sequenced format for the OSCE component of its licensure examination. The sequenced OSCE was administered in 1997 at 14 sites and assessed 1,796 test takers. The 10-station screening test had an alpha = 0.66 (M = 61.3%, SD = 4.7%). The(More)
In 1987, the University of Sherbrooke's school of medicine implemented a student-centred, problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. The experience of the first 5 years is reviewed; program goals, the schedule of learning activities, the instructional format and assessment of student learning are described. The new program is more demanding of teachers and(More)
In 1979 université de Montréal developed the Basic Training Program in Medical Pedagogy; the program has since been offered at two other Canadian medical schools. The learning activities are spread over an academic year so that the teachers are able to continue their clinical or research duties. The program, which follows a model of systematic instruction,(More)
Over the last 6 years Sherbrooke Medical School has undertaken a major reform of its undergraduate curriculum. A new student-centred, community-oriented curriculum was implemented in September 1987. Problem-based learning (PBL) is now the main educational method. To adequately prepare teachers for the curriculum a series of faculty development programs in(More)