Jacques Escoute

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Plant roots have a large range of functions, including acquisition of water and nutrients, as well as structural support. Dissecting the genetic and molecular mechanisms controlling rice root development is critical for the development of new rice ideotypes that are better adapted to adverse conditions and for the production of sustainably achieved rice(More)
In cultivated banana, Musa spp., there are four known genomes, A, B, S, and T. These correspond to the genetic constitutions of wild Eumusa species M. acuminata, M. balbisiana, M. schizocarpa and the Australimusa species, respectively. Most cultivated clones are triploid or diploid, they have been classified into genomic groups according to chromosome(More)
Species of the palm family (Arecaceae) are remarkably diverse in their inflorescence and floral morphologies, which make them a particularly interesting group for studies of reproductive development and its evolution. Using light and scanning electron microscopy, we describe inflorescence and flower development in the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis from(More)
Globally, the banana plant (Musa spp) is the fourth most important crop after rice, wheat and corn (based on production in tons). It is cultivated in more than 100 tropical and subtropical countries, mainly by small producers and is a fundamental food source for millions of people. Black leaf streak disease (BLSD), caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Most cooking banana and several desert bananas are interspecific triploid hybrids between Musa acuminata (A genome) and Musa balbisiana (B genome). In addition, M. balbisiana has agronomical characteristics such as resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses that could be useful to improve monospecific acuminata cultivars. To develop(More)
The two varieties—Bourbon (B) and its natural mutant Bourbon pointu (BP)—of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) differ by an epigenetic, monolocus, and recessive laurina mutation that results in pleiotropic effects, such as tree dwarfism and tree-shape modification. The objective of the study was to search for the origin of the differences in size and shape(More)
The objective of the present study on banana plants (Musa AAA Grande Naine cv.), obtained byin vitro shoot tip culture, was to determine whether modifications in chromosome number could account for the appearance of the off-types with mosaiclike leaf defects or dwarf stature, the most frequent off-types observed after micropropagation. Chromosome counts(More)
In this work, we performed qualitative and quantitative observations of the cytological changes occurring in cells of yam (Dioscorea alata) in vitro shoot tips cryopreserved using the encapsulation–dehydration (E-D) technique. Shoot tip osmoprotection for 24 h in 1.25 M sucrose medium induced drastic changes in cellular cytological features, including high(More)
Occurrence of somatic embryogenesis in in vitro cultures of Calamus merrillii and Calamus subinermis, two major largecaned rattan species, was scientifically demonstrated for the first time. Tissue responsiveness varied markedly according to the species and the type of primary explants used when initiated on 10.4–31.2 μM picloram-enriched Murashige and(More)
Endogenous variations in the annual growth of trees suggest that similar trends would occur in phyllodes. In comparison to leaves, the characteristics of phyllodes are less well known, hence this study examines the effects of architectural position and age of tree on the phyllodes of Acacia mangium. Phyllodes were investigated on 1-, 2-, and 3-year-old(More)