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Previous studies suggesting a link between Escherichia coli phylogenetic groups and extraintestinal virulence have been hampered by the difficulty in establishing the intrinsic virulence of a bacterial strain. Indeed, unidentified virulence factors do exist, and the susceptibility of the host to infection is highly variable. To overcome these difficulties,(More)
Mutation and subsequent recombination events create genetic diversity, which is subjected to natural selection. Bacterial mismatch repair (MMR) deficient mutants, exhibiting high mutation and homologous recombination rates, are frequently found in natural populations. Therefore, we have explored the possibility that MMR deficiency emerging in nature has(More)
To determine the origin of sickle cell anemia (SS) in India, we analyzed haplotypes of the beta gene cluster in beta S-carrying individuals belonging to tribal populations living in the Nilgiris region of southern India and complemented the available data on tribes of east-central India. We found that in the Nilgiris tribes chromosomes bearing the beta S(More)
Results of an epidemiological survey for beta-thalassemic defects involving 239 chromosomes in Algeria are analyzed in relation to the geographic and historical background of the country and are compared with published series for the Tunisian population. Four common mutations account for 81% of the chromosomes, but 13 other defects have been found,(More)
Pulmonary surfactant protein C (SP-C) is a highly hydrophobic peptide produced by type-II alveolar cells through the processing of a high-molecular weight precursor (pro-SP-C), that enhances surface tension and facilitates the recycling of pulmonary surfactant in vitro. Recently, two seemingly dominant-negative mutations of the pro-SP-C-encoding gene(More)
Phylogenetic relationships of 69 neonatal meningitis Escherichia coli strains isolated worldwide were studied. Restriction fragment length polymorphism of rrn operons (rrn RFLP) in these isolates was compared with that of the 72 strains of the ECOR reference collection. Distributions of K1 antigen, of polymerase chain reaction-detected ibe10 gene, pap, afa,(More)
The first coherent pathophysiological scheme for sickle cell disease (SCD) emerged in the sixties-seventies based on an extremely detailed description of the molecular mechanism by which HbS in its deoxy-form polymerises and forms long fibres within the red blood cell that deform it and make it fragile. This scheme explains the haemolytic anaemia, and the(More)
FOXC1 deletion, duplication, and mutations are associated with Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly, and Dandy-Walker malformation spectrum. We describe the clinical history, physical findings, and available brain imaging studies in three fetuses, two children, and one adult with 6p25 deletions encompassing FOXC1. Various combinations of ocular and cerebellar(More)
Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM) apoenzyme deficiency is a rare metabolic disease that may result in distinct biochemical phenotypes of methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), namely mut(o) and mut-. We analyzed a cohort of 40 MCM-deficient patients with MMA affected by either the mut(o) or the mut- form of the disease. By direct sequencing of cDNA and gDNA of the MUT(More)