Jacques E Elion

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Previous studies suggesting a link between Escherichia coli phylogenetic groups and extraintestinal virulence have been hampered by the difficulty in establishing the intrinsic virulence of a bacterial strain. Indeed, unidentified virulence factors do exist, and the susceptibility of the host to infection is highly variable. To overcome these difficulties,(More)
Constitutional mutations of the WT1 gene, encoding a zinc-finger transcription factor involved in renal and gonadal development, are found in most patients with Denys-Drash syndrome (DDS), or diffuse mesangial sclerosis (DMS) associated with pseudohermaphroditism and/or Wilms tumor (WT). Most mutations in DDS patients lie in exon 8 or exon 9, encoding zinc(More)
An intraspecies phylogenetic grouping of 168 human commensal Escherichia coli strains isolated from the stools of three geographically distinct human populations (France, Croatia, Mali) was generated by triplex PCR. The distributions of seven known extraintestinal virulence determinants (ibeA, pap, sfa/foc, afa, hly, cnf1, aer) were also determined by PCR.(More)
Mutation and subsequent recombination events create genetic diversity, which is subjected to natural selection. Bacterial mismatch repair (MMR) deficient mutants, exhibiting high mutation and homologous recombination rates, are frequently found in natural populations. Therefore, we have explored the possibility that MMR deficiency emerging in nature has(More)
A polymorphism in the coagulation factor XIII gene (FXIII Val34Leu) has been recently described to confer protection for arterial and venous thrombosis and to predispose to intracerebral hemorrhage. At present it is known that FXIII Val34Leu is prevalent in Caucasians, but information upon its distribution in different ethnic groups is scarce. We(More)
A novel mutation in the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) gene (a 68-bp insertion in the coding region of exon 8: 844ins68) was recently described, but its prevalence in different human populations is unknown. We analyzed the prevalence of the 68-bp insertion in the CBS gene in 405 unrelated individuals (810 chromosomes) of European, African, Asian and(More)
Recently a novel polymorphism in the 3'-untranslated region of the prothrombin gene (a G to A transition at position 20210) was discovered, and an association with venous thrombosis and cardiovascular disease was found. The prevalence of the polymorphic allele in different human populations is unknown. We investigated the prevalence of the A 20210 allele of(More)
Escherichia coli in humans is a commensal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract as well as one of the most frequently isolated bacterial pathogens (1). In studying foodborne E. coli pathogens, as well as the ECOR collection of natural isolates (2), LeClerc et al. found that mutant bacteria— defective in methyl-directed mismatch repair (MMR)—were present(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES High levels of erythrocyte destruction in sickle cell anemia (SCA) result in chronic hyperbilirubinemia, with cholelithiasis occurring in a subset of patients. We investigated whether susceptibility to cholelithiasis in SCA was associated with the promoter polymorphism of the 5?-diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene(More)
Specific virulence factors associated with the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli strains causing neonatal meningitis (ECNM), such as the K1 capsular polysaccharide, the S fimbriae, and the Ibe10 protein, have been previously identified. However, some other yet unidentified factors are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of ECNM. To identify specialized(More)