Jacques Durant

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BACKGROUND Dolutegravir (DTG; S/GSK1349572), a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase inhibitor, has limited cross-resistance to raltegravir (RAL) and elvitegravir in vitro. This phase IIb study assessed the activity of DTG in HIV-1-infected subjects with genotypic evidence of RAL resistance. METHODS Subjects received DTG 50 mg once daily(More)
The host immune responses have been suggested toplay a role in liver injury occurring in patients withchronic hepatitis C. In order to explore therelationship between the relative proportions ofintrahepatic and peripheral blood lymphocytes (IHL, PBL),the levels of viremia, and the histological hepatitisactivity score, three-color(More)
BACKGROUND The pilot phase IIb VIKING study suggested that dolutegravir (DTG), a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitor (INI), would be efficacious in INI-resistant patients at the 50 mg twice daily (BID) dose. METHODS VIKING-3 is a single-arm, open-label phase III study in which therapy-experienced adults with INI-resistant virus received(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess changes over time in neuropsychological test results (NPr) and risk factors among a regularly followed HIV-infected patient population. METHODS Prospective cohort of HIV-infected patients randomly selected to undergo neuropsychological follow-up. Test score was adjusted for age, sex and education. Patients were divided into five(More)
OBJECTIVE A randomized study to evaluate the usefulness of protease inhibitor (PI) therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in antiretroviral-experienced HIV-infected patients. METHODS In the control arm, treatment was modified according to genotypic resistance testing. In the TDM arm, therapy was modified on the basis of genotypic resistance testing and at week(More)
The phenotypic and functional characteristics of immune cells of osteoporotic women compared to healthy controls similar for age and estrogen level showed for the first time significant changes in several B lymphocytes populations in postmenopausal osteoporosis, related to bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures, and a significant lower basal secretion of(More)
We report on the case of a French citizen who was found dead in his home, 4 days after returning from Cameroon. The patient died of imported malaria, as revealed by the postmortem investigations. Few such cases have been reported throughout the world. This article reviews deaths due to malaria diagnosed at the time of autopsy in France between 1995 and(More)
Several bacterial and viral agents have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the Guillain-Barré syndrome, an acquired immune-mediated disorder. A case of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with acute Q fever is described.Coxiella burnetii should therefore be added to the list of microorganisms capable of inducing the Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients is associated with adverse effects, such as lipodystrophy and hyperlipidemia. The lipodystrophic syndrome is characterized by a peripheral lipoatrophy and/or fat accumulation in the abdomen and neck. In order to get insights into the physiopathological mechanisms(More)
This prospective study investigated the contributions of apoptosis and proliferation of CD4(+) T cells obtained by the introduction of a new antiretroviral treatment for human immunodeficiency virus infection. Virus load; T cell counts; apoptosis of T cell subsets, including naive cells; and proliferation were determined from treatment initiation to the(More)