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Monte Carlo simulations were carried out to calculate the age-dependent dose from the beta decay of 14C to marrow and bone on the basis of a steady-state specific-activity model. A model of the trabecular cavity containing spherical fat cells in a square lattice surrounded by haemopoietic tissue was employed. The age-dependent 14C dose to haemopoietic (red)(More)
A large volume TPC is a leading candidate for the central tracking detector at a future high energy linear collider. To improve the resolution a new readout based on micro-pattern gas detectors is being developed. Measurements of the spatial resolution of cosmic-ray tracks in a GEM TPC are presented. We find that the resolution suffers if the readout pads(More)
A Monte Carlo simulation of tritium decays in a cell composed of two parts, a nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, was developed to evaluate the beta-radiation dose to the nucleus. A dose modifying factor (DMF), which is a ratio of the average nuclear dose to the whole-tissue dose, after skin-contact exposure of rats to tritiated pump oil or tritiated(More)
We have built a proof of-concept photon-counting x-ray imaging system using a Xe:CH4 gas microstrip detector (GMD) as the image receptor, and have used this system to demonstrate several advantages of photon counting over energy integration. Our experiments spanned x-ray spectra from 10 to 50 kVp and Xe:CH4 pressures from 1 to 4 atm. When photon counting is(More)
The Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) is a leading candidate for the readout of the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) at a future linear collider detector. This presentation describes measurements of the space point resolution of a GEM with relatively large hexagonal pads. Resolution of approximately 50 µm is achieved for 4.5 keV x-rays with two independent(More)
PURPOSE With the emergence of flattening filter free (FFF) photon beams, several authors have noted many advantages to their use. One such advantage is the decrease in neutron production by photonuclear reactions in the linac head. In the present work we investigate the reduction in neutrons from a Varian TrueBeam linac using the Nested Neutron Spectrometer(More)
Neutron spectrometry and subsequent dosimetry measurements were undertaken at the McMaster Nuclear Reactor (MNR) and AECL Chalk River National Research Universal (NRU) Reactor. The instruments used were a Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS), a cylindrical nested neutron spectrometer (NNS) and a commercially available rotational proton recoil spectrometer. The(More)
Neutron spectrometry measurements were carried out at the McMaster Accelerator Laboratory (MAL), which is equipped with a 3-MV Van de Graaff-type accelerator. Protons were accelerated onto a thick natural lithium target inducing the (7)Li(p,n)(7)Be threshold reaction. Depending on the proton energy, slightly different poly-energetic neutron fields were(More)
There is the possibility for a worker at a nuclear installation, such as a nuclear power reactor, a fuel production facility or a medical facility, to come in contact with radioactive contaminants. When such an event occurs, the first order of business is to care for the worker by promptly initiating a decontamination process. Usually, the radiation(More)