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The present study was designed to investigate the coupling mechanisms linking the immune and the neuroendocrine corticotropic systems in an integrated defense response triggered by an infectious aggression. The experimental paradigm used consisted of the exploration in individual conscious rats of the temporal pattern of increased plasma concentrations of(More)
Brucella is a facultative intracellular pathogen and the etiological agent of brucellosis. In some cases, human brucellosis results in a persistent infection that may reactivate years after the initial exposure. The mechanisms by which the parasite evades clearance by the immune response to chronically infect its host are unknown. We recently demonstrated(More)
We have previously established that oxidative phenomena are involved in human T-cell activation (Sekkat, Dornand & Gerber, 1988). In the present work we have studied the effect of different anti-oxidants (scavengers of O2-, .OH and lipo-oxygenase inhibitors) on the stimulation of murine T cells. We report here that all the anti-oxidants used suppressed(More)
Changes in concentrations of cytokines in plasma and in hypothalamic push-pull perfusates of guinea pigs were measured within the 1st hour after intramuscular injections of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; Escherichia coli, 20 micrograms/kg) or solvent (0.9% saline). In control animals injected with solvent, interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor(More)
5'-Nucleotidase is purified from lymphocyte plasma membranes by two affinity chromatographies. The first one, on Lens culinaris lectin-Sepharose 4B yields a fraction of twelve lectin-binding glycoproteins (lectin-receptor fraction). The second one on 5'-AMP-Sepharose 4B leads to pure enzyme. This enzyme is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 130 000;(More)
Bacteria from the Brucella genus are able to survive and proliferate within macrophages. Because they are phylogenetically closely related to macrophages, myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) constitute potential targets for Brucella bacteria. Here we report that DCs display a great susceptibility to Brucella infection. Therefore, DCs might serve as a reservoir(More)
We studied, using organotypic hippocampal slices in culture, the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines, oxygen radicals and nitric oxide in neuronal death induced either by endotoxic insult [interferon (IFN) gamma, 24 h followed by lipopolysaccharide, 24 h] or by glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxic insult. We demonstrated that neuronal death induced by(More)
When differentiated into mature macrophages by the combination of all-trans retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the human promonocytic cell lines U937 and THP-1 expressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) transcripts. During their differentiation, the cells acquired the capacity to produce not only superoxide anion (O2.-) but also nitric oxide(More)
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage (GM)-CSF stimulate the differentiation of rat alveolar macrophages (AM) into multinucleated giant cells (MGC) with distinct phenotypes (type 1 and type 2 MGC). In the present study, we analyzed the profile of cytokine gene expression induced respectively, by M-CSF and GM-CSF during rat(More)