Jacques Dornand

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Changes in concentrations of cytokines in plasma and in hypothalamic push-pull perfusates of guinea pigs were measured within the 1st hour after intramuscular injections of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; Escherichia coli, 20 micrograms/kg) or solvent (0.9% saline). In control animals injected with solvent, interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor(More)
We studied, using organotypic hippocampal slices in culture, the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines, oxygen radicals and nitric oxide in neuronal death induced either by endotoxic insult [interferon (IFN) gamma, 24 h followed by lipopolysaccharide, 24 h] or by glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxic insult. We demonstrated that neuronal death induced by(More)
We studied the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) 2 and 7 days following status epilepticus (SE), induced in rats by intra-amygdala injection of kainate. At day 2 the release of both cytokines by hippocampal slices prepared from epileptic animals was increased compared to controls, whereas at day 7 only TNF alpha(More)
We examined the expression and activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in both gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-treated and untreated murine macrophages infected with the gram-negative bacterium Brucella suis. The bacteria were opsonized with a mouse serum containing specific antibrucella antibodies (ops-Brucella) or with a control nonimmune serum(More)
From undetectable basal levels, TNFalpha is produced in the hypothalamus of rats challenged with a systemic low profile endotoxin (LPS) at least 30 min before its release may be detected in the plasma. The cytotoxic activity of this hypothalamic TNFalpha correlates with its immunoreactivity. Injection of BB-1101, a matrix metalloprotease inhibitor,(More)
Brucella, the causative agent of brucellosis in animals and humans, can survive and proliferate within macrophages. Macrophages mediate mouse resistance to various pathogens through the expression of the Nramp1 gene. The role of this gene in the control of Brucella infection was investigated. When BALB/c mice (Nramp1(s)) and C.CB congenic mice (Nramp1(r))(More)
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