Jacques Dornand

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The present study was designed to investigate the coupling mechanisms linking the immune and the neuroendocrine corticotropic systems in an integrated defense response triggered by an infectious aggression. The experimental paradigm used consisted of the exploration in individual conscious rats of the temporal pattern of increased plasma concentrations of(More)
Brucella is a facultative intracellular pathogen and the etiological agent of brucellosis. In some cases, human brucellosis results in a persistent infection that may reactivate years after the initial exposure. The mechanisms by which the parasite evades clearance by the immune response to chronically infect its host are unknown. We recently demonstrated(More)
Bacteria from the Brucella genus are able to survive and proliferate within macrophages. Because they are phylogenetically closely related to macrophages, myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) constitute potential targets for Brucella bacteria. Here we report that DCs display a great susceptibility to Brucella infection. Therefore, DCs might serve as a reservoir(More)
We examined the expression and activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in both gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-treated and untreated murine macrophages infected with the gram-negative bacterium Brucella suis. The bacteria were opsonized with a mouse serum containing specific antibrucella antibodies (ops-Brucella) or with a control nonimmune serum(More)
Brucella is a facultative intracellular pathogen of various mammals and the etiological agent of brucellosis. We recently demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs), which are critical components of adaptive immunity, are highly susceptible to Brucella infection. Furthermore, Brucella prevented the infected DCs from engaging in maturation processes and(More)
Changes in concentrations of cytokines in plasma and in hypothalamic push-pull perfusates of guinea pigs were measured within the 1st hour after intramuscular injections of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; Escherichia coli, 20 micrograms/kg) or solvent (0.9% saline). In control animals injected with solvent, interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor(More)
Virulence of the intracellular pathogen Brucella for humans is mainly associated with its lipopolysaccharide (LPS) phenotype, with smooth LPS phenotypes generally being virulent and rough ones not. The reason for this association is not quite understood. We now demonstrate by flow cytometry, electron microscopy, and ELISA that human peripheral blood(More)
We studied, using organotypic hippocampal slices in culture, the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines, oxygen radicals and nitric oxide in neuronal death induced either by endotoxic insult [interferon (IFN) gamma, 24 h followed by lipopolysaccharide, 24 h] or by glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxic insult. We demonstrated that neuronal death induced by(More)
Human Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cells are considered to play an important role in brucellosis, as this population is dramatically increased in peripheral blood of patients during the acute phase of the infection. This T lymphocyte population has been largely demonstrated to be activated by small m.w. nonpeptidic molecules from natural or synthetic origin. We(More)
Induced pathogenicity in animals and humans differs considerably. This review is devoted to the relations between Brucella spp. and professional phagocytes, particularly macrophages and macrophagic cell lines in vitro. Although numerous studies have been reported, the type of ingestion by macrophages, the receptor involved, and the molecular mechanisms, are(More)