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The sense of smell is mediated by the initiation of action potential in olfactory sensory neurons during odor stimulation. However, little is known about odorant-olfactory receptor (OR) recognition mechanisms. In the present work, we identified the structural motifs of odorant molecules required to activate mouse OR912-93 by detection of the odorant(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous studies have been published on the chromosomal constitution of in-vitro unfertilized human oocytes, data remain highly variable and controversial because of the size of oocyte samples, technical reservations and potential misinterpretation. METHODS A cytogenetic study was undertaken on 3042 unfertilized human oocytes recovered(More)
We present the sequence of a contiguous 2.63 Mb of DNA extending from the tip of the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. Within this sequence, we predict 277 protein coding genes, of which 94 had been sequenced already in the course of studying the biology of their gene products, and examples of 12 different transposable elements. We show that an(More)
The present study was undertaken in order to identify the inhibitory site of the heat-stable inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKI) and to synthesize a peptide that could serve as a useful inhibitor of the enzyme. Digestion of purified PKI by mast cell proteinase II yielded a peptide fragment that retained inhibitory activity. A sequence of 20(More)
The acid stability of calmodulin has been used to devise a rapid and efficient method of decalcification based on trichloroacetic acid precipitation. Study of the competitive binding of K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ to the Ca2+-binding sites of calmodulin has allowed determination of the intrinsic binding constants of each of the three cations for the four(More)
BACKGROUND Chemical and radiological toxicities related to uranium acute exposure have been widely studied in nuclear fuel workers and military personnel. It is well known that uranyl nitrate induces acute renal failure (ARF). However, the mechanisms of this metal-induced injury are not well defined at the molecular level. RESULTS Renal function and(More)
The amino acid sequence of rabbit skeletal muscle heat-stable inhibitor of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase has been determined by microsequencing techniques. Proof of the structure involved a series of nonoverlapping tryptic fragments for primary identification of 86% of the amino acids. Complementary fragments generated by cleavage with chymotrypsin,(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster genome consists of four chromosomes that contain 165 Mb of DNA, 120 Mb of which are euchromatic. The two Drosophila Genome Projects, in collaboration with Celera Genomics Systems, have sequenced the genome, complementing the previously established physical and genetic maps. In addition, the Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project has(More)
Although the nephrotoxicity of uranium has been established through numerous animal studies, relatively little is known about the effects of long-term environmental uranium exposure. Using a combination of conventional biochemical studies and serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE), we examined the renal responses to uranyl nitrate (UN) chronic exposure.(More)