Jacques Buffle

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Parts 1 and 2 of this series are tutorial feature articles exceptionally published as Critical Reviews for editorial reasons. They intend to give to the nonspecialist an overview of the major aspects of the characterization of aquatic colloids in perspective of their properties. For this reason, there is a close link between parts 1 and 2, which in reality(More)
Dynamic metal speciation analysis in aquatic ecosystems is emerging as a powerful basis for development of predictions of bioavailability and reliable risk assessment strategies. A given speciation sensor is characterized by an effective time scale or kinetic window that defines the measurable metal species via their labilities. Here we review the current(More)
Several analytical techniques have been studied for the analysis and characterization of humic and fulvic compounds of freshwaters. DOC analysis, thermogravimetry, UV absorbance, fluorescence, cascade ultrafiltration, freezing concentration techniques are particularly discussed. The effects of several important factors, e.g. nature and concentration of(More)
Parts 1 and 2 of this series are tutorial feature articles exceptionally published as Critical Reviews for editorial reasons. They intend to give to the nonspecialist an overview of the major aspects of the characterization of aquatic colloids in relation to their physical and chemical properties. For this reason, there is a close link between parts 1 and(More)
The paper reports a new approach based on a gel-integrated Hg-plated-Ir-based microelectrode array (GIME), for measuring Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn speciation in natural waters. This paper focuses on the quantitative discrimination between mobile and colloidal metal species (size limit of a few nanometers), for which most classical separation techniques present(More)
The permeation liquid membrane (PLM) technique was used to evaluate cadmium speciation in media resembling natural freshwaters. A planar sheet PLM system was characterized by measuring Cd fluxes in the absence and presence of complexing agents such as citrate, malonate, nitrilotriacetate and the Suwannee River standard humic acid. Comparison with(More)
The chemodynamics of Cu(II) complexation by humic acid is interpreted in terms of recently developed theory for permeable charged nanoparticles. Two opposing electric effects are operational with respect to the overall rate of association, namely, (i) the conductive enhancement of the diffusion of Cu(2+), expressed by a coefficient f(el), which accounts for(More)
Metal flux at consuming interfaces (e.g., sensors or microorganisms) is simulated in environmental multiligand systems using a new numerical code, MHEDYN (Multispecies HEterogeneous DYNamics), based on the lattice Boltzmann method. The attention is focused on the computation of the maximum flux of Cu(II), that is, the flux controlled by diffusion-reaction(More)
There are currently a limited number of techniques to study nickel speciation in aqueous samples. This work reports on the use of the permeation liquid membrane (PLM) for that objective. In this paper, the composition of the organic phase was studied to maximize the Ni flux (thus the sensitivity of the device) over a wide Ni2+ concentration range (50 nM to(More)