Jacques Brouard

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The human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) was first identified in The Netherlands, and its circulation in France has not been investigated. We studied HCoV-NL63 infection in hospitalized children diagnosed with respiratory tract infections. From November 2002 to April 2003, we evaluated 300 respiratory specimens for HCoV-NL63. Of the 300 samples, 28 (9.3%)(More)
AIM This study has two objectives: to study the clinical symptoms associated with the detection of the four human coronaviruses (HCoVs), 229E, OC43, NL63 and HKU1 types, in the respiratory specimens sampled from hospitalised children in France between September 2004 and May 2005; and to develop a multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction(More)
BACKGROUND A high frequency of virus infections has been recently pointed out in the exacerbations of asthma in children. OBJECTIVES To confirm this, using conventional and molecular detection methods, and expanding the study to younger children. STUDY DESIGN One hundred and thirty-two nasal aspirates from 75 children hospitalized for a severe attack of(More)
Recent evidence suggests that genetic polymorphisms that affect the production of interleukin (IL)-10 may play a role in the response to pathogens in cystic fibrosis (CF). The present study was designed to investigate a possible association between alleles carried at position -1082 in the promoter region of the IL-10 gene and clinical data on 378 patients(More)
Two patients, aged four and six months, with congenital diaphragmatic hernias, and who presented outside of the neonatal period, are reported. Clinical presentation was a progressive respiratory failure, and radiographic findings showed a consolidation of the left lung, associated with a pneumothorax in one and an ascites in the other. One had previous(More)
AIM Type 1 diabetes (T1D) involves complex metabolic disturbances in cardiomyocytes leading to morphological and functional abnormalities of the myocardium. The relationship between T1D and cardiac structure and function in children is not well established. Our study investigated whether T1D is associated with early subclinical myocardial disturbances in(More)
We developed a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect human metapneumovirus (hMPV) in French children hospitalized for acute respiratory tract disease during the winter of 2001 to 2002. This assay showed that 19 (6.6%) of 337 respiratory specimens that were negative for other respiratory viruses were positive for hMPV. Seven hMPV infections were also(More)
A fluorescence antibody test with monoclonal antibodies was used to determine the subgroup (A or B) of respiratory syncytial virus from infants hospitalized in Caen, France, over eight consecutive epidemics from 1982 to 1990. From 1982 to 1985, 27 (30%) out of 90 frozen nasal slides were classified as subgroup A strains and 63 (70%) were classified as(More)
ABCA3 (ATP-binding cassette subfamily A, member 3) is expressed in the lamellar bodies of alveolar type II cells and is crucial to pulmonary surfactant storage and homeostasis. ABCA3 gene mutations have been associated with neonatal respiratory distress (NRD) and pediatric interstitial lung disease (ILD). The objective of this study was to look for ABCA3(More)
The performances of four multiplex PCR (m-PCR) were compared to direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA) and HuH7 cell culture for the detection of viruses in 263 children admitted to hospital with an acute respiratory illness. One hundred fifty (57.6%) nasal aspirates were found DFA-positive; 188 (72.3%) were found positive by both DFA and HuH7 cell culture,(More)