Jacques Brodeur

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The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, has become the single most important arthropod pest of soybeans in North America. Native to Asia, this invasive species was first discovered in North America in July 2000 and has rapidly spread throughout the northcentral United States, much of southeastern Canada, and the northeastern United States. In response,(More)
F. Th omas (frthomas@mpl.ird.fr), Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, UMR CNRS/IRD 2724, 911 Ave. Agropolis, BP 64501, FR–34394 Montpellier cedex 5, France. – FT and J. Brodeur, Inst. de recherche en biologie végétale, Dépt de sciences biologiques, Univ. de Montréal 4101, rue Sherbrooke est, Montréal (Québec), H1X 2B2, Canada. – R. Poulin,(More)
Invasive alien species can act as ‘evolutionary traps’ for indigenous parasites and predators when the alien species is accepted as prey or a host but is unsuitable for consumption or development. We tested the relationship between acceptance and suitability of eggs of the invasive alien Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in North America relative(More)
Temperature affects insect and mite development, allowing species-speciÞc traits including optimal temperature and low and high temperature thresholds to be observed. Development rate models and biological parameters estimated from them can help determining if synchrony exists between pests and natural enemies. We studied development of the coccinellid(More)
Recently, there has been exciting progress in our understanding of the behavioral and evolutionary ecology of immature parasitoids. Developing parasitoids face a diversity of ecological constraints, and parasitism success involves decisions and responses made by immature parasitoids to find a host and solve conflicts with five potential antagonists: host,(More)
Since its invasion of North America in 2000, the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Homoptera: Aphididae) has notably changed the arthropod community of the soybean agroecosystem. The objectives of this study were to characterize the foliar predatory fauna associated with A. glycines in commercial soybean fields in Québec, Canada, and to evaluate the(More)
 The objective of the present study was to compare the influence of various binary mixtures containing ethylbenzene (EBZ), toluene (TOL) or xylene (XYL) administered by inhalation, with the influence exerted by a ternary mixture, on the kinetics of these solvents in blood. Groups of four rats were exposed for 4 h to TOL, XYL and EBZ, singly or in(More)
The locust, Locusta migratoria, has the capacity to develop a behavioural fever which reduces fungal infection by Metarhizium anisopliae var acridum. We investigated hemocyte and blastospore kinetics in infected insects under conditions that did or did not allow thermoregulation. Hemocyte concentrations were severely reduced in inoculated insects that did(More)
The intrinsic rate of natural increase(rm) is useful to estimate the populationgrowth potential of insects and mites, whichmay help predict the outcome of pest-naturalenemy interactions. This study was conductedto determine how 12 constant temperatureregimes between 10–38 °C (± 0.5 °C) may differentially affect therm of the McDaniel spider mite, Tetranychus(More)
Greater climatic variability and extreme climatic events are currently emerging as two of the most important facets of climate change. Predicting the effects of extreme climatic events, such as heat waves, is a major challenge because they may affect both organisms and trophic interactions, leading to complex responses at the community level. In this study,(More)