Jacques Boutet de Monvel

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Although the basic principles underlying the function of the peripheral auditory system have been known for many years, the molecules required for hearing have hitherto remained elusive. Genetic approaches have recently provided unparalleled molecular insight into how the hair bundle, the hair cell's mechanosensory organelle, forms and functions. We discuss(More)
During sound stimulation, receptor potentials are generated within the sensory hair cells of the cochlea. Prevailing theory states that outer hair cells use the potential-sensitive motor protein prestin to convert receptor potentials into fast alterations of cellular length or stiffness that boost hearing sensitivity almost 1000-fold. However, receptor(More)
Hearing depends on the transformation of sound-induced basilar membrane vibration into deflection of stereocilia 1 on the sensory hair cells, but the nature of these mechanical transformations is unclear. Using new techniques to visualize and measure sound-induced vibration deep inside the moving organ of Corti, we found that two functionally crucial(More)
The cochlea contains two types of sensory cells, the inner and outer hair cells. Sound-evoked deflection of outer hair cell stereocilia leads to fast force production that will enhance auditory sensitivity up to 1,000-fold. In contrast, inner hair cells are thought to have a purely receptive function. Deflection of their stereocilia produces receptor(More)
To obtain a more integrated view of the cellular behaviour of the cochlea it is essential to observe not only wider regions of the exposed turns but also to visualize structures below the reticular lamina. Using confocal microscopy and in vitro preparations of guinea pig and mouse inner ears, cellular structures within the intact organ of Corti can be(More)
The vibration of the hearing organ that occurs during sound stimulation is based on mechanical interactions between different cellular structures inside the organ of Corti. The exact nature of these interactions is unclear and subject to debate. In this study, dynamic structural changes were produced by stepwise alterations of scala tympani pressure in an(More)
A new method for visualizing vibrating structures is described. The system provides a means to capture very fast repeating events by relatively minor modifications to a standard confocal microscope. An acousto-optic modulator was inserted in the beam path, generating brief pulses of laser light. Images were formed by summing consecutive frames until every(More)
We describe a novel confocal image acquisition system capable of measuring the sound-evoked motion of the organ of Corti. The hearing organ is imaged with a standard laser scanning confocal microscope during sound stimulation. The exact temporal relation between each image pixel and the sound stimulus is quantified. The motion of the structures under study(More)
The hearing organ contains sensory hair cells, which convert sound-evoked vibration into action potentials in the auditory nerve. This process is greatly enhanced by molecular motors that reside within the outer hair cells, but the performance also depends on passive mechanical properties, such as the stiffness, mass, and friction of the structures within(More)
The organ of Corti is the sensory epithelium in the cochlea of the inner ear. It is modeled as a shell-of-revolution structure with continuous and discrete components. Our recent work has been on the inclusion of the viscous fluid. Measurements from various laboratories provide the opportunity to refocus on the elastic properties. The current detailed model(More)