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In the present work, we have assayed both the in vitro and in vivo action of two acridine compounds against Leishmania donovani. As part of this effort, we have studied the possible action mechanism of these compounds at the ultrastructural and biochemical levels and in relation to the synthesis of macromolecules. The two acridinones inhibit the in vitro(More)
A novel set of acridinylidene thiazolidinediones and benzylidene thiazolidinediones was synthesized by nucleophilic addition of cyanoacrylates. Some of these compounds were evaluated for their glucose lowering capability and their effects on the triglyceride level in alloxan diabetic mice.
The antimicrobial activity of several new 9-acridinones and 9-thioalkylacridines towards Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium smegmatis and Candida albicans was investigated. Minimal inhibitory, bactericidal and fungicidal concentrations were determined using a microplate assay which enabled inhibitory, bactericidal and fungicidal indices(More)
We studied the effect of thioacridine derivatives on the function of P-glycoprotein in MDR mouse T-lymphoma cell line L5178 and in MDR human leukemia cell line K562/ADR by rhodamine 123 uptake assay. The effect of some selected thioacridines was also investigated on the expression of the mdr1 gene. Expression was analysed by RT-PCR. Two compounds:(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, efflux complexes, consisting of an inner-membrane pump, a periplasmic adaptor protein and outer-membrane channel, provide an efficient means for the export of structurally unrelated drugs, causing the multidrug-resistance phenotype. Resistance due to this antibiotic efflux is an increasing problem worldwide. A new molecular(More)
Over the last decade, MDR (multidrug resistance) has increased worldwide in microbial pathogens by efflux mechanisms, leading to treatment failures in human infections. Several Gram-negative bacteria efflux pumps have been described. These proteinaceous channels are capable of expelling structurally different drugs across the envelope and conferring(More)
In Enterobacter aerogenes and Klebsiella pneumoniae, efflux provides efficient extrusion of antibiotics and contributes to the multidrug resistance phenotype. One of the alkoxyquinoline derivatives studied here, 2,8-dimethyl-4-(2'-pyrrolidinoethyl)-oxyquinoline, restores noticeable drug susceptibility to resistant clinical strains. Analyses of(More)
Synthesis and physico-chemical properties of 3-benzyl-5-(4-fluoro-benzylidene)-1-methyl-2-thioxo-imidazolidin-4-ones, 5-benzylidene-3-(4-nitro-benzyl)-2-thioxo-imidazolidin-4-ones and 4-acridin-9-ylmethylene-1-benzyl-5-thioxo-imidazolidin-2-ones compounds are described. These thioxo-imidazolidine derivatives were prepared by alkylation and condensation with(More)
Enterobacter aerogenes is a Gram-negative bacteria frequently responsible for nosocomial respiratory tract infections. Strains resistant to chloramphenicol are frequently isolated. Alkoxy and thio-alkoxyquinolines have a potential to act as chemosensitizers that would render multi-drug-resistant (MDR) bacterial infections susceptible to antibiotics to which(More)
Series of 9-amino and 9-thioacridines have been synthesized and studied as inhibitors of trypanothione reductase (TR) from Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. The compounds are structural analogues of the acridine drug mepacrine (quinacrine), which is a competitive inhibitor of the parasite enzyme, but not of human glutathione(More)