Learn More
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in the early defenses against foreign cells, as well as autologous cells undergoing various forms of stress, such as microbial infection or tumor transformation. NK cell activation is controlled by a dynamic balance between complementary and antagonistic pathways that(More)
ICOS ligation in concert with TCR stimulation results in strong PI3K activation in T lymphocytes. The ICOS cytoplasmic tail contains an YMFM motif that binds the p85alpha subunit of class IA PI3K, similar to the YMNM motif of CD28, suggesting a redundant function of the two receptors in PI3K signaling. However, ICOS costimulation shows greater PI3K activity(More)
IFN-alpha is an important cytokine for the generation of a protective T cell-mediated immune response to viruses. In this study, we asked whether IFN-alpha can regulate the functional properties of dendritic cells (DCs). We show that monocytes cultured in the presence of GM-CSF and IFN-alpha can differentiate into DCs (IFN-alpha-derived DCs (IFN-DCs)). When(More)
The engagement of CD28 with its ligand B7.1/CD80 results in potent costimulation of T-cell activation initiated through the CD3/T-cell receptor complex. The biochemical basis of CD28 costimulatory function is poorly understood. The signalling pathways used by CD28 are unlike those used by the CD3/T-cell receptor in that they are resistant to cyclosporin A(More)
The natural killer (NK) cell receptor NKp30 is involved in the recognition of tumor and dendritic cells (DCs). Here we describe the influence of three NKp30 splice variants on the prognosis of gastrointestinal sarcoma (GIST), a malignancy that expresses NKp30 ligands and that is treated with NK-stimulatory KIT tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Healthy individuals(More)
Membrane rafts are thought to be sphingolipid- and cholesterol-dependent lateral assemblies involved in diverse cellular functions. Their biological roles and even their existence, however, remain controversial. Using an original fluorescence correlation spectroscopy strategy that recently enabled us to identify nanoscale membrane organizations in live(More)
The programmed death-1 (PD-1) molecule is involved in peripheral tolerance and in the immune escape mechanisms during chronic viral infections and cancer. PD-1 interacts with two ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2. We have investigated the molecular mechanisms of PD-1 interactions with its ligands by surface plasmon resonance and cell surface binding as well as the(More)
The phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) negatively regulates cell survival and proliferation mediated by phosphoinositol 3 kinases. We have explored the role of the phosphoinositol(3,4,5) P 3-phosphatase PTEN in T cell development by analyzing mice with a T cell–specific deletion of PTEN. Pten flox/flox Lck-Cre mice developed(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) respond to viral infection by production of alpha interferon (IFN-α), proinflammatory cytokines, and cell differentiation. The elimination of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in more than 50% of chronically infected patients by treatment with IFN-α suggests that pDCs can play an important role in the control of HCV infection. pDCs(More)
Dok1 and Dok2 proteins play a crucial role in myeloid cell proliferation as demonstrated by Dok1 and Dok2 gene inactivation, which induces a myeloproliferative disease in aging mice. In this study, we show that Dok1/Dok2 deficiency affects myeloproliferation even at a young age. An increase in the cellularity of multipotent progenitors is observed in young(More)