Jacquelyn A. Reed

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Surfactant proteins and phospholipids accumulate in the alveolar spaces and lung tissues of mice deficient in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), with pathological findings resembling the histology seen in the human disease pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Previous metabolic studies in GM-CSF-deficient [GM(-/-)] mice indicated(More)
Rats prone to develop diet-induced obesity (DIO) have reduced central sensitivity to many metabolic and hormonal signals involved in energy homeostasis. High-fat diets produce similar defects in diet-resistant (DR) rats. To test the hypothesis that genotype and diet exposure would similarly affect central insulin signaling, we assessed the anorectic effects(More)
Many proinflammatory cytokines, such as leptin, play key roles in dynamic regulation of energy expenditure and food intake. The present work tested a role for the proinflammatory cytokine GM-CSF. Central but not peripheral administration of GM-CSF to adult rats significantly decreased food intake and body weight for at least 48 hours. Similar results were(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are critical components of cytokine signaling pathways. STAT5A and STAT5B (STAT5), the most promiscuous members of this family, are highly expressed in specific populations of hypothalamic neurons in regions known to mediate the actions of cytokines in the regulation of energy balance. To test the(More)
Innate immunity plays an important role in pulmonary host defense against Pneumocystis carinii, an important pathogen in individuals with impaired cell-mediated immunity. We investigated the role of GM-CSF in host defense in a model of P. carinii pneumonia induced by intratracheal inoculation of CD4-depleted mice. Lung GM-CSF levels increased progressively(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has a central action to reduce food intake and body weight. Consistent with this, GM-CSF knockout mice are more obese and hyperphagic than wild-type mice. However, in lung, GM-CSF is an important determinant of macrophage infiltration. Consequently, we sought to(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene-targeted mice (GM-/-) cleared group B streptococcus (GBS) from the lungs more slowly than wild-type mice. Expression of GM-CSF in the respiratory epithelium of GM-/- mice improved bacterial clearance to levels greater than that in wild-type GM+/+ mice. Acute aerosolization of GM-CSF to GM+/+(More)
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is caused by inactivation of either granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or GM receptor common beta-chain (beta(c)) genes in mice [GM(-/-), beta(c)(-/-)], demonstrating a critical role of GM-CSF signaling in surfactant homeostasis. To distinguish possible phenotypic differences in GM(-/-) and(More)
Mice that express interleukin (IL)-4 in Clara cells (CCSP-IL-4) develop chronic airway inflammation and an alveolar proteinosis-like syndrome. To identify the role of IL-4 in surfactant homeostasis, we measured lipid and protein metabolism in the lungs of CCSP-IL-4 mice in vivo. Alveolar saturated phosphatidylcholine (Sat PC) pools were increased 6.5-fold(More)
Ghrelin is a gut peptide that stimulates food intake and increases body fat mass when administered centrally or peripherally. In this study, ghrelin was overexpressed in neurons using the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) promoter sequences and mouse ghrelin cDNA (NSE-Ghr). Ghrelin expression in NSE-Ghr brain tissues was increased compared with wild-type mice.(More)