Jacqueline de Vries

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Data on occurrence of dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins [PCDDs] and dibenzofurans [PCDFs]), dioxin-like PCBs (polychlorinated non-ortho and mono-ortho biphenyls) and non-dioxin-like PCBs (as represented by the so-called indicator-PCBs: congeners 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153 and 180) in food products consumed in The Netherlands that were collected in(More)
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) given simultaneously with paracetamol decreased paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity (measured by plasma transaminase activities as well as histology) without any effect on glutathione depletion, indicating that ASA prevents a process (or processes) subsequent to the metabolic activation of paracetamol. Delayed treatment with ASA(More)
The possible role of cytochrome P-450 in one-electron reduction of quinoid compounds as well as in the formation of reduced oxygen species was investigated in hepatic microsomal and reconstituted systems of purified cytochrome P-450 and purified NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase using electron spin resonance (ESR) methods. Two compounds were selected as(More)
The mechanism by which the hepatic cytochrome P-450 (Cyt. P-450) containing mixed-function oxidase system oxidizes the analgesic drug paracetamol (PAR) to a hepatotoxic metabolite was studied. Since previous studies excluded the possibility of oxygenation of PAR, three other mechanisms, namely direct 1-electron oxidation by a Cyt. P-450-ferrous-dioxygen(More)
The effects of pretreatment with symmetrically dihalogenated biphenyls (DXBs, X-F, Cl(C), Br(B) and I) on rat liver drug metabolism enzymes were investigated. 4,4'-DFB, -DCB, and -DBB as well as 2,2'-DFB appeared to be inducers of microsomal cytochrome P-450-linked monoxygenases (N-demethylases of aminopyrine and ethylmorphine). However, no(More)
In the presence of copper, 2,2'-bipyridyl analogues possess growth-inhibitory activity against Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Inhibition of the energy yielding metabolism plays a role in the mechanism of action. We showed that probably inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase and NADH oxidase is involved. Both enzymes were inhibited in vitro and in vivo by several(More)
From the hepatic cytochrome P-450 isozymes b and c isolated from rats treated with phenobarbital and 3-methylcholanthrene respectively, only cytochrome P-450c was found to be active in the oxidation of paracetamol, in the presence of glutathione ultimately leading to the formation of the 3-glutathionyl conjugate. Paracetamol interacted with both cytochrome(More)
Biologically active phi X174 DNA is inactivated by the ortho-quinone derivative of the antitumor agent VP 16-213, but not by VP 16-213 itself, VP 16-213 phenoxy radical or aqueous decomposition product(s) of the ortho-quinone. Reduction of the ortho-quinone by cytochrome P-450 reductase and NADPH results in deactivation of the ortho-quinone towards anti-phi(More)
Samples of subgingival plaque from patients with periodontal disease and control subjects were stained with the Fluoretec Fluorescent test kits (Pfizer Inc., New York) developed for the rapid detection of members of the Bacteroides fragilis and B. melaninogenicus groups of anaerobes. The same fluorescent fields were also examined by dark-field microscopy(More)
The effects of 3-monoalkyl- and 3,5-dialkyl-substitution on the cytotoxicity of paracetamol (PAR) in rat hepatocytes was studied. PAR is known to be bioactivated by the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 containing a mixed-function oxidase system presumably to N-acetyl-para-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), a reactive metabolite which upon overdosage of the drug(More)