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The structure of the antigen-binding fragment (Fab) of an anti-p-azophenylarsonate monoclonal antibody, 36-71, bearing a major cross-reactive idiotype of A/J mice has been refined to an R factor of 24.8% at a resolution of 1.85 A. The previously solved partial structure of this Fab at a resolution of 2.9 A (Rose et al., 1990) was used as an initial model(More)
A sensitive and rapid method for the detection of monoclonal antibodies secreted by hybridomas is described. Mouse myeloma cells are fused with spleen cells from immunized mice and directly cloned in soft agarose containing selective medium; hybrid clones can be seen after a week. Nitro-cellulose filters that have been coated with a specific protein(More)
We describe the expression and consistent production of a first target-specific recombinant human polyclonal antibody. An anti-Rhesus D recombinant polyclonal antibody, Sym001, comprised of 25 unique human IgG1 antibodies, was produced by the novel Sympress expression technology. This strategy is based on site-specific integration of antibody genes in CHO(More)
Although monoclonal antibodies are increasingly used for cancer therapy, remissions are only temporary due to emergence of tumor cell escape variants that are no longer affected by the antibody. The emergence of escape variants could be minimized by multi-targeting of tumor cells with polyclonal antibodies, which would also be more efficient than monoclonal(More)
Two mouse mAb specific for the hapten p-azophenylarsonate and encoded by the same combination of germ-line V, D, and J genes differ 200-fold in affinity for hapten. We determined the amino acid sequences of the V regions of the high affinity antibody and compared them to the published sequences of the low affinity antibody which is not somatically mutated.(More)
Employing site-directed mutagenesis we have reconstructed and expressed the germ-line precursor of an expanded rheumatoid factor (RF) clone. This RF clone, designated clone F, was isolated from an autoimmune MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr mouse. Most of the clone members were extensively mutated and isotyped-switched. The predominant isotype of clone F was gamma 3. The RF(More)
  • J Sharon
  • 1990
The basis for the 200-fold difference in affinity between two hybridoma antibodies specific for the hapten p-azophenylarsonate (Ars) that have diversified by somatic hypermutation was examined. Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was used to sequentially convert the nucleotide sequence of the lower-affinity antibody into that of the higher-affinity one,(More)
The combining sites of seven BALB/c IgM, four BALB/c IgA and one C57BL/6 IgA hybridoma antibodies specific for alpha (1 leads to 6) linked dextran were probed by precipitin and precipitin inhibition assays. The 12 antibodies are able to bind to linear determinants in the interior of the dextran molecule; some have sites complementary to six alpha (1 leads(More)
Tularemia is a severe infectious disease in humans caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Francisella tularensis (Ft). Because of its low infectious dose, high mortality rate, and the threat of its large-scale dissemination in weaponized form, development of vaccines and immunotherapeutics against Ft is essential. Ft lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which contains(More)
An anti-idiotope monoclonal antibody (MAb), called CA1 (Ab2), was produced in mice against MAb 2C7, which recognizes a widely in vivo-expressed gonococcal lipooligosaccharide (LOS) epitope. Mice immunized with MAb CA1 initially had a 2.5-fold increase in IgG (12-fold after a booster) but no increase in IgM anti-LOS (Ab1') antibody. Control mice immunized(More)