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BACKGROUND Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) has evolved as the standard of care in the surgical staging of breast cancer. This technique is accurate for surgical staging of axillary nodal disease. We hypothesized that axillary recurrence after SNB is rare and that SNB may provide regional control in patients with microscopic nodal involvement. METHODS With(More)
PURPOSE We previously described a novel breast cancer staging system for assessing prognosis after neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the basis of pretreatment clinical stage (CS), estrogen receptor status (E), grade (G), and post-treatment pathologic stage (PS). This clinical-pathologic stage (CPS) + EG staging system assigned and summed points for each factor,(More)
PURPOSE Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is being used with increasing frequency for operable breast cancer. We hypothesized that by using clinical and pathologic staging parameters, in conjunction with biologic tumor markers, a novel means of determining prognosis for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy could be facilitated. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancers (BCs) diagnosed after a recent pregnancy display features associated with poor prognosis, including hormone receptor negativity, but other tumor markers have not been examined. We sought to define the tumor marker profile of these cancers, including HER-2 and p53 expression, and examine the time interval over which this adverse(More)
OPINION STATEMENT Breast cancer effects nearly 200,000 American women each year, with 9% of these women still in their childbearing years. For this subset of future survivors, the issue of fertility may be a significant quality-of-life concern. Both the causes and treatments for infertility in young breast cancer patients must be thoroughly understood by(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW With improved treatments for breast cancer forming a large community of young survivors, quality-of-life issues including fertility are becoming more important. Oncologists, whose treatments may put their young patient's fertility at risk, must be aware of the existing options for fertility preservation. RECENT FINDINGS Many commonly(More)
BACKGROUND The MammoSite device was designed as a breast brachytherapy applicator and is currently used to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI). We hypothesized that APBI delivered with the MammoSite device would be well tolerated and be associated with a good cosmetic outcome in patients with ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS). METHODS From(More)
As the number of cancer survivors continues to increase, oncologists are faced with the challenge of providing cancer therapy to patients who may 1 day want to have children. Yet, gonadotoxic cancer treatments can compromise future fertility, either temporarily or permanently. There are established means of preserving fertility before cancer treatment;(More)
Members of the TGFβ superfamily are known to exert a myriad of physiologic and pathologic growth controlling influences on mammary development and oncogenesis. In epithelial cells, TGFβ signaling inhibits cell growth through cytostatic and pro-apoptotic activities but can also induce cancer cell EMT and, thus, has a dichotomous role in breast cancer(More)