Jacqueline Quandt

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Multiple sclerosis is mediated by T-cell responses to central nervous system antigens such as myelin basic protein (MBP). To investigate self-peptide/major histocompatibility complex (MHC) recognition and T-cell receptor (TCR) degeneracy, we determined the crystal structure, at 2.8 A resolution, of an autoimmune TCR (3A6) bound to an MBP self-peptide and(More)
Amino acid residues 111-129 represent an immunodominant epitope of myelin basic protein (MBP) in humans with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1*0401 allele(s). The MBP 111-129-specific T cell clone MS2-3C8 was repeatedly isolated from a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS), suggesting an involvement of MS2-3C8 T cells in the pathogenesis. To address the(More)
The development of new regenerative therapies for multiple sclerosis is hindered by the lack of potential targets for enhancing remyelination. The study of naturally regenerative processes such as the innate immune response represents a powerful approach for target discovery to solve this problem. By 'mining' these processes using transcriptional profiling(More)
Chemokines are key mediators of inflammation, acting as subset-specific chemoattractants and activators of leukocytes. In the present study we investigated the effects of chemokine concentration gradients on CD4+ T cell (TC4) adhesion to human brain microvessel endothelial cells (HBMECs) in vitro. CCL4 or CCL5 were placed in a double chamber chemotaxis(More)
Neurological manifestations of Lyme disease are usually accompanied by inflammatory changes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the recruitment of activated T cells into the CSF compartment. In order to characterize the phenotype and identify target antigens of CSF-infiltrating T cells in early neuroborreliosis with central nervous system (CNS)(More)
Genetic susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) has been linked to the HLA-DR15 haplotype consisting of DRB1*15:01(DR2b) and DRB5*01:01(DR2a) alleles. Given almost complete linkage disequilibrium of the two alleles, recent studies suggested differential roles in susceptibility (DR2b) or protection from MS (DR2a). Our objective was to assess the potential(More)
Mucosal tolerance to E-selectin prevents stroke and protects against ischemic brain damage in experimental models of stroke studying healthy animals or spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats. A reduction in inflammation and neural damage was associated with immunomodulatory or "tolerogenic" responses to E-selectin. The purpose of the current study on(More)
Relapsing fever (RF) is a multisystemic borrelial infection with frequent neurologic involvement referred to as neuroborreliosis. The absence of an effective antibody response results in persistent infection. To study the consequences to the brain of persistent infection with the RF spirochete Borrelia turicatae, we studied B cell (Igh6-/-) and B and T(More)
Relapsing fever is an infection characterized by peaks of spirochetemia attributable to antibody selection against variable serotypes. In the absence of B cells, serotypes cannot be cleared, resulting in persistent infection. We previously identified differences in spirochetemia and disease severity during persistent infection of severe combined(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS), the most common nontraumatic cause of neurologic disability in young adults in economically developed countries, is characterized by inflammation, gliosis, demyelination, and neuronal degeneration in the CNS. Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) can suppress inflammatory disease in a majority of patients with MS but retards clinical(More)