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We investigated the effect of the ascorbic acid on the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d)-stained and myosin-V myenteric neurons in the ileum of chronically diabetic rats. The study was performed 4 months after inducing experimental diabetes with streptozotocin. Diabetic rats showed increased (p<0.05) glycaemia and glycated(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the morphological and quantitative alterations of the myenteric plexus neurons of the stomach of rats with streptozotocin-induced chronic diabetes and compare them to those of non-diabetic animals. Samples from the body of the stomach were used for whole-mount preparations stained with NADH-diaphorase and(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on the enteric neurons in the small intestine of diabetic rats. METHODS Fifteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups: control group (C), diabetic group (D) and diabetic-treated (DT) daily with EGb 761 extract (50 mg/kg body weight) for 120 d. The enteric neurons were identified by the myosin-V(More)
The purpose of this work was to study the neurons of the myenteric plexus of the cecum of rats with chronic streptozotocin-induced diabetes. We used four experimental groups of animals. In groups D2 and D8 animals were killed two and eight months, respectively, after diabetes induction and groups C2 and C8 were used as controls. We carried out whole-mount(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral neuropathy caused chronically by diabetes mellitus is related to exacerbation of oxidative stress and a significant reduction in important endogenous antioxidants. L: -Glutamine is an amino acid involved in defense mechanisms and is a substrate for the formation of glutathione, the major endogenous cellular antioxidant. AIM This(More)
We studied the neuronal density and size of myenteric neurons and the epithelial cell proliferation and crypt depth of the proximal colon in diabetic Wistar rats after supplementing them with L-glutamine (1%). The animals were divided into five groups: untreated normoglycemic (UN), L-glutamine-treated normoglycemic (NG), untreated diabetic (UD), and(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes and its complications appear to be multifactorial. Substances with antioxidant potential have been used to protect enteric neurons in experimental diabetes. AIM This study evaluated the effects of supplementation with L-glutamine and L-glutathione on enteric neurons in the jejunum in diabetic rats. METHODS Rats at 90 days of age were(More)
The purpose of this work was to study the area of the varicosities of nerve fibers of myenteric neurons immunoreactive to vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP-IR) and of the cell bodies of VIP-IR submucosal neurons of the jejunum of diabetic rats supplemented with 2% L-glutamine. Twenty male rats were divided into the following groups: normoglycemic (N),(More)
BACKGROUND Cachexia is a significant problem in patients with cancer. The effect of cancer on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and neurons of the gastrointestinal tract have not been studied previously. Although supplementation with L-glutamine 2% may have beneficial effects in cancer-related cachexia, and be protective of ICC in models of oxidative stress(More)
BACKGROUND In diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperglycemia promotes changes in biochemical mechanisms that induce oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has been closely linked to adverse consequences that affect the function of the gastrointestinal tract caused by injuries to the enteric nervous system (ENS) that in turn cause neurodegeneration and enteric glial(More)