Jacqueline Moebius

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Immunoproteasomes containing the IFN-inducible subunits β1i (LMP2), β2i (MECL-1) and β5i (LMP7) alter proteasomal cleavage preference and optimize the generation of peptide ligands of MHC class I molecules. Here, we report on an unexpected new function of immunoproteasome subunits for the survival and expansion of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells during viral(More)
In male germ cells mitochondria undergo dramatic morphological changes during spermatogenesis, at least three different types of mitochondrion being present. The usual cristae type of mitochondrion in spermatogonia, preleptotene and leptotene spermatocytes develops, via an intermediate form in zygotene spermatocytes, to the condensed form with almost no(More)
Immunoproteasome subunits low-molecular mass polypeptide (LMP)2 and LMP7 affect Ag presentation by MHC class I molecules. In the present study, we investigated the function of the third immunosubunit LMP10/multicatalytic endopeptidase complex-like (MECL)-1 (beta2i) in MECL-1 gene-targeted mice. The number of CD8+ splenocytes in MECL-1-/- mice was 20% lower(More)
Tissue inflammation is accompanied by the cytokine-mediated replacement of constitutive proteasomes by immunoproteasomes that finally leads to an optimized generation of MHC class I restricted epitopes for Ag presentation. The brain is considered an immunoprivileged organ, where both the special anatomy as well as active tolerance mechanisms repress the(More)
The proteasome is responsible for the generation of most epitopes presented on MHC class I molecules. Treatment of cells with IFN-γ leads to the replacement of the constitutive catalytic subunits β1, β2, and β5 by the inducible subunits low molecular mass polypeptide (LMP) 2 (β1i), multicatalytic endopeptidase complex-like-1 (β2i), and LMP7 (β5i),(More)
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