Jacqueline L. Whalley

Learn More
This paper reports on the authors use of the SOLO taxonomy to describe differences in the way students and educators solve small code reading exercises. SOLO is a general educational taxonomy, and has not previously been applied to the study of how novice programmers manifest their understanding of code. Data was collected in the form of written and(More)
This paper explores the programming knowledge of novices using Biggs' SOLO taxonomy. It builds on previous work of Lister et al. (2006) and addresses some of the criticisms of that work. The research was conducted by studying the exam scripts for 120 introductory programming students, in which three specific questions were analyzed using the SOLO taxonomy.(More)
This study analyzed student responses to an examination, after the students had completed one semester of instruction in programming. The performance of students on code tracing tasks correlated with their performance on code writing tasks. A correlation was also found between performance on "explain in plain English" tasks and code writing. A stepwise(More)
In March 2004, SIGCSE members contributed to a mailing list discussion on the question of whether programming should be taught objects first or imperative first. We analyse that discussion, exploring how the CS community debates the issue and whether contributors' positions are supported by the research literature on novice programmers. We applied four(More)
The increasing availability of genetic sequence data associated with explicit geographic and ecological information is offering new opportunities to study the processes that shape biodiversity. The generation and testing of hypotheses using these data sets requires effective tools for mathematical and visual analysis that can integrate digital maps,(More)
In this paper we present a unique hybrid visualization system for spatial data. Although some existing 3D GIS systems offer 2D views they are typically isolated from the 3D view in that they are presented in a separate window. Our system is a novel hybrid 2D/3D approach that seamlessly integrates 2D and 3D views of the same data. In our interface, multiple(More)
Information extraction and integration from heterogeneous, autonomous data resources are major requirements for many spatial applications. Geospatial analysis for scientific discovery involves identification of relevant information resources, extraction and fusion of requisite subsets of the information, application of spatial analytical techniques and(More)
In this paper we report on an empirical study into the use of software metrics as a way of estimating the difficulty of code comprehension tasks. Our results indicate that software metrics can provide useful information about the difficulties inherent in code tracing in first year programming assessment. We conclude that software metrics may be a useful(More)