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Adrenergic (C1) neurons located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla are considered a key component in the control of arterial blood pressure. Classically, C1 cells have been identified by their immunoreactivity for the catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and/or phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT). However, no studies have(More)
Autonomic dysfunction, hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity in end stage renal disease are critically linked, however there are limited models available to investigate this relationship and develop clinical interventions. This study aimed to define the relationship between hypertension and autonomic function in a new rodent model of polycystic kidney(More)
1. The kidney receives a dense innervation of sympathetic and sensory fibres and can be both a target of sympathetic activity and a source of signals that drive sympathetic tone. In the normal state, interactions between the kidney and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) serve to maintain blood pressure and glomerular filtration rate within tightly controlled(More)
BACKGROUND/METHODS We have examined the hypothesis that cyst formation is key in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in a Lewis polycystic kidney (LPK) model of autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), by determining the relationship between cyst development and indices of renal function and cardiovascular disease. RESULTS In the LPK(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether α(1)-adrenoceptors are expressed on primary nociceptive afferents that innervate healthy skin. Skin and dorsal root ganglia were collected from adult male Wistar rats and assessed using fluorescence immunohistochemistry with antibodies directed against α(1)-adrenoceptors alone or in combination with(More)
1. Activation of angiotensin II AT1 receptors (AT1R) stimulates catecholamine systems within both central and peripheral tissues that are associated with blood pressure control. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the hypertensive phenotype of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is associated with changes in AT1R gene expression and(More)
In studies of the central and peripheral autonomic nervous system, it has become increasingly important to be able to investigate mRNA expression patterns within specific neuronal populations. Traditionally, the identification of mRNA species in discrete populations of cells has relied upon in situ hybridization. An alternative, relatively simple procedure(More)
PC12 cells are an established model for studying the role of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in excitotoxicity and function as multimeric assemblies of NR1 with at least one NR2(A-D) subunit. We examined NR1 splice variant and NR2 subunit expression in four PC12 cell-lines (ATCC, WEHI, Ordway and Flinders), correlated mRNA expression with protein(More)
Phaeochromocytomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours that produce catecholamines and numerous secretory proteins and peptides, including neuropeptide Y (NPY), a vasoactive peptide with influences on blood pressure. The production of catecholamines and NPY by phaeochromocytomas is highly variable. This study examined influences of hereditary factors and(More)
The effects of chronic kidney disease on baroreflex control of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and deficits in afferent and central components of the baroreflex were studied in juvenile and adult male Lewis Polycystic Kidney (LPK) and control Lewis rats under anesthesia (n=35). Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), aortic depressor nerve activity(More)