Jacqueline Kathleen Phillips

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1. Activation of angiotensin II AT1 receptors (AT1R) stimulates catecholamine systems within both central and peripheral tissues that are associated with blood pressure control. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the hypertensive phenotype of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is associated with changes in AT1R gene expression and(More)
Expression of the noradrenaline transporter (NAT) was identified in various cell and fibre populations of the rat adrenal medulla, examined with immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. Immunoreactivity for the catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC) and dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH)(More)
1. In diseases such as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), where neuropathic pain is the primary concern, traditional pain classifications and lesion descriptors are of limited value. To obtain better treatment outcomes for patients, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of neuropathic pain need to be elucidated and analysed so that therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND/METHODS We have examined the hypothesis that cyst formation is key in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in a Lewis polycystic kidney (LPK) model of autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), by determining the relationship between cyst development and indices of renal function and cardiovascular disease. RESULTS In the LPK(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the current evidence regarding the reliability and validity of hand-held dynamometry for assessment of muscle strength in the clinical setting. DATA SOURCES A search was conducted of the following databases: Cochrane, MEDLINE, PubMed, PEDro, OTseeker, Index to Chiropractic Literature (ICL), and MANTIS, from inception until January 29,(More)
Increased aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV) reflects increased arterial stiffness and is a strong predictor of cardiovascular risk in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined functional and structural correlations among PWV, aortic calcification, and vascular remodeling in a rodent model of CKD, the Lewis polycystic kidney (LPK) rat. Hemodynamic parameters(More)
Adrenergic (C1) neurons located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla are considered a key component in the control of arterial blood pressure. Classically, C1 cells have been identified by their immunoreactivity for the catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and/or phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT). However, no studies have(More)
PC12 cells are an established model for studying the role of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in excitotoxicity and function as multimeric assemblies of NR1 with at least one NR2(A-D) subunit. We examined NR1 splice variant and NR2 subunit expression in four PC12 cell-lines (ATCC, WEHI, Ordway and Flinders), correlated mRNA expression with protein(More)
BACKGROUND In a small radioligand-binding study of cutaneous α1 -adrenoceptors in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), signal intensity was greater in the CRPS-affected limb than in controls. However, it was not possible to localize heightened expression of α1 -adrenoceptors to nerves, sweat glands, blood vessels, or keratinocytes using this technique. (More)
The intracellular second messenger, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), a soluble guanylate cyclase (GC) product, is a primary mechanism for the transduction of a nitric oxide (NO)-initiated signal in the central nervous system. NO is produced from L-arginine by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which is found in sympathetic preganglionic neurons of(More)