Jacqueline K Barton

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Electrochemistry-based sensors offer sensitivity, selectivity and low cost for the detection of selected DNA sequences or mutated genes associated with human disease. DNA-based electrochemical sensors exploit a range of different chemistries, but all take advantage of nanoscale interactions between the target in solution, the recognition layer and a solid(More)
Binding of tris(phenanthroline)ruthenium(II), R~(phen),~+, enantiomers to nucleic acids of different base compositions and structure was examined by equilibrium dialysis and photophysical methods. Measurement of enantioselectivity combined with photophysical experiments permits the structural characterization of two noncovalent binding modes of the(More)
Since the elucidation of the structure of double helical DNA, the construction of small molecules that recognize and react at specific DNA sites has been an area of considerable interest. In particular, the study of transition metal complexes that bind DNA with specificity has been a burgeoning field. This growth has been due in large part to the useful(More)
Fluorescent analogs of adenine that selectively oxidize guanine were used to investigate photoinduced electron transfer through the DNA pi-stack as a function of reactant stacking and energetics. Small variations in these factors led to profound changes in the kinetics and distance dependences of DNA-mediated electron-transfer reactions. Values of beta, a(More)
Charge transfer in supramolecular assemblies of DNA is unique because of the notion that the pi-stacked bases within the duplex may mediate the transport, possibly leading to damage and/or repair. The phenomenon of transport through pi-stacked arrays over a long distance has an analogy to conduction in molecular electronics, but the mechanism still needs to(More)
The cellular uptake of a series of dipyridophenazine (dppz) complexes of Ru(II) was examined by flow cytometry. The complexes, owing to their facile synthesis, stability, and luminescence, provide a route to compare and contrast systematically factors governing cellular entry. Substituting the ancillary ligands in the dppz complexes of Ru(II) permits(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxidative damage to DNA in vivo can lead to mutations and cancer. DNA damage and repair studies have not yet revealed whether permanent oxidative lesions are generated by charges migrating over long distances. Both photoexcited *Rh(III) and ground-state Ru(III) intercalators were previously shown to oxidize guanine bases from a remote site in(More)
Diverse biophysical and biochemical studies have sought to understand electron transfer (ET) in DNA in part because of its importance to DNA damage and its repair. However, the dynamics and mechanisms of the elementary processes of ET in this medium are not fully understood and have been heavily debated. Two fundamental issues are the distance over which(More)
High-throughput DNA sensors capable of detecting single-base mismatches are required for the routine screening of genetic mutations and disease. A new strategy for the electrochemical detection of single-base mismatches in DNA has been developed based upon charge transport through DNA films. Double-helical DNA films on gold surfaces have been prepared and(More)