Jacqueline K Akunda

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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is induced by UVB light and reduces UVB-induced epidermal apoptosis; however, the mechanism is unclear. Therefore, wild-type (WT) and COX-2-/- mice were acutely treated with UVB (5 kJ/m(2)), and apoptotic signaling pathways were compared. Following exposure, apoptosis was 2.5-fold higher in COX-2-/- compared with WT mice. Because(More)
The cyclooxygenases, COX-1 and COX-2, are involved in cutaneous responses to both acute and chronic UV exposure. In the present study, wild-type (WT), COX-1-/- and COX-2-/- mice were used to determine the influence of the individual isoform on mouse skin responses to acute UVB treatment. Immunohistochemistry and Western analysis indicated that COX-2, and(More)
Previously we demonstrated that genetic deficiency of the cyclooxygenases (COX-1 or COX-2) altered keratinocyte differentiation in mouse skin [Tiano et. al. (2002) Cancer Res. 62, 3395-3401]. In this study, we show that topical application of SC-560 (a COX-1 selective inhibitor) or celecoxib (COX-2 selective) to TPA-treated wild-type skin caused fivefold(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Insight into the role of the different cyclooxygenase isoforms in prostaglandin biosynthesis, surface hydrophobicity, and gastric mucosal barrier integrity can be gained by comparing the effects of luminal damaging agents in wild-type and cyclooxygenase knockout mice. METHODS Fasted wild-type, cyclooxygenase-1, and cyclooxygenase-2(More)
Using a mouse skin tumor model, we reported previously that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) deficiency reduced papilloma formation. However, this model did not differentiate between the effects of systemic COX-2-deficiency and keratinocyte-specific COX-2 deficiency on tumor formation. To determine whether keratinocyte-specific COX-2 deficiency reduced papilloma(More)
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