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OBJECTIVES We sought to compare symptoms of depression and anxiety as predictors of incomplete recovery after a first myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Depressive symptoms have been related to post-MI mortality and health care consumption, but little is known about the effect of anxiety. We wanted to examine the effect of emotional distress on health(More)
This study evaluated screening abilities of self-report questionnaires for depression in first myocardial infarction (MI) patients. One month post-MI, 206 patients with first MI were screened for major and minor depression using the 90-item Symptom Check List (SCL-90), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS),(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression and hostility are significant risk factors for mortality and morbidity after myocardial infarction (MI). Much research is still needed to identify effective ways to reduce emotional distress in patients with cardiovascular disease. This double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigated the efficacy and safety of the antidepressant(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression has been identified as an independent risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in mixed patients populations with first and recurrent myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether incidence of major and minor depression is as high in a population with merely first-MI patients as in recurrent(More)
BACKGROUND The high incidence of post-stroke depression has been claimed to reflect a specific, stroke related pathogenesis in which lesion location plays an important role. To substantiate this claim, post-stroke depression should occur more often than depression after another acute, life threatening, disabling disease that does not involve cerebrovascular(More)
The steatocrit method has recently been introduced as a simple screening test for steatorrhea. As it seemed likely that separation of fecal homogenate by centrifugation into a lipid phase, a watery phase, and a solid phase would be pH-dependent, we evaluated the effect of fecal acidification on steatocrit results. We also compared classical and acid(More)
The propyl, octyl and dodecyl esters of gallic acid have been studied extensively in a large number of animal experiments involving oral dosing. Experimental data on general toxicity and studies on reproduction, teratogenicity and mutagenicity are also available. Most of the key toxicity studies, however, date back to the 1950s, do not meet current(More)
A short-term toxicity study was performed to investigate local reactions and hematological changes after im injection of Quillaia A (Quil A; 50 or 600 micrograms/ml) an essential component of an immunostimulating complex (iscom), a novel form of a subunit vaccine, and of iscom measles vaccine containing 360 micrograms Quil A/ml. The effects were compared(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for depression in myocardial infarction (MI) patients must be improved: (1) depression often goes unrecognized and (2) anxiety has been largely overlooked as an essential feature of depression in these patients. We therefore examined the co-occurrence of anxiety and depression after MI, and the validity of a brief mixed(More)