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In the anaerobic phase of a biological phosphorus removal process, acetate is taken up and converted to PHB utilizing both energy generated in the degradation of polyphosphate to phosphate, which is released, and energy generated in the conversion of glycogen to poly-beta-hydroxy butyrate (PHB). The phosphate/acetate ratio cannot be considered a metabolic(More)
In the aerobic phase of the biological phosphorus removal process, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate, produced during anaerobic conditions, is used for cell growth, phosphate uptake, and glycogen formation. A metabolic model of this process has been developed. The yields for growth, polyphosphate and glycogen formation are quantified using the coupling of all these(More)
A structured metabolic model is developed that describes the stoichiometry and kinetics of the biological P removal process. In this approach all relevant metabolic reactions underlying the metabolism, considering also components like adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and nic-otinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NADH(2)) are describedbased on biochemical pathways. As(More)
Our objective was to determine whether there is an association between hypercoiling of the umbilical cord and placental maturation defect. From a database comprising 1147 cases, containing data on all placentas examined at our institution during the study period, we selected all cases with a gestational age of at least 37 weeks that exhibited hypercoiling(More)
Integumental and branchial chloride cells of tilapia larvae (Oreochromis mossambicus) were studied at the light-microscopical and ultrastructural level. Total numbers and distribution of chloride cells were quantified after immunostaining of cross sections of the entire larvae with an antibody against the alpha-subunit of Na+/K+-ATPase. The majority (66%)(More)
The skin of carp, Cyprinus carpio, was studied at the ultrastructural level after exposure of the fish to low and high concentrations of cadmium in the water (22 and 560 micrograms/L, respectively) for different periods. The effects of the low concentration of cadmium were similar to those of the high concentration, although they appeared later. The basal(More)
Prolactin is probably implicated in the control of physiological adaptation to sublethal acid stress in tilapia. Exposure of fish to water at pH 3 caused death within 72 hr, which was associated with pronounced hemodilution. At pH 4 mortality was low, although a substantial and rapid decrease in plasma osmolality, plasma Na+, and plasma total Ca was(More)