Jacqueline Garnier-Laplace

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Algal communities play a crucial role in aquatic food webs by facilitating the transfer of dissolved inorganic selenium (both an essential trace element and a toxic compound for a wide variety of organisms) to higher trophic levels. The dominant inorganic chemical species of selenium in freshwaters are selenite (SeO(3)(2-)) and selenate (SeO(4)(2-)). At(More)
Criteria are needed to be able to judge the level of risk associated with dose rates estimated for non-human biota. In this paper, European guidance on the derivation of predicted no-effect chemical concentrations has been applied to appropriate radiation sensitivity data. A species sensitivity distribution fitted to the data for all species resulted in a(More)
The toxicity of selenium in aquatic ecosystems is mainly linked to its uptake and biotransformation by micro-organisms, and its subsequent transfer upwards into the food chain. Thus, organisms at low trophic level, such as algae, play a crucial role. The aim of our study was to investigate the biological effects of selenite on Chlamydomonas reinhardtii,(More)
The effects of waterborne uranium (U) exposure on gene expression were examined in four organs (brain, liver, skeletal muscles, and gills) of the zebrafish (Danio rerio). Adult male fish were exposed to three treatments: No added uranium (control), 23 +/- 6 microg U/L, and 130 +/- 34 microg U/L. After 3, 10, 21, and 28 d of exposure and an 8-d depuration(More)
The discrepancy between laboratory or controlled conditions ecotoxicity tests and field data on wildlife chronically exposed to ionising radiation is presented for the first time. We reviewed the available chronic radiotoxicity data acquired in contaminated fields and used a statistical methodology to support the comparison with knowledge on inter-species(More)
The influence of time, ambient concentration, and medium composition on selenite (Se(IV)) uptake by the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has been investigated. The aims of the performed experiments were to describe the kinetics of accumulation, to characterize transport capacities, to identify key nutrients influencing absorption, and to(More)
Radioactive isotopes originating from the damaged Fukushima nuclear reactor in Japan following the earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 were found in resident marine animals and in migratory Pacific bluefin tuna (PBFT). Publication of this information resulted in a worldwide response that caused public anxiety and concern, although PBFT captured off(More)
The influence of pH and hardness cation concentrations on uranium uptake by a green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, was investigated through short-term exposure experiments. Uranium uptake at pH 5 and at pH 7 was measured over a large concentration range (0.020-2.0 microM 233U), and the effects of hardness cations were studied over environmentally(More)
A 6 year study of Scots pine populations inhabiting sites in the Bryansk region of Russia radioactively contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident is presented. In six study sites, (137)Cs activity concentrations and heavy metal content in soils, as well as (137)Cs, (90)Sr and heavy metal concentrations in cones were measured. Doses absorbed in(More)