Jacqueline Field

Learn More
A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) conducted by the International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium (IMSGC) identified a number of putative MS susceptibility genes. Here we have performed a replication study in 1134 Australian MS cases and 1265 controls for 17 risk-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reported by the IMSGC. Of(More)
CYP3A4, the predominant but variably expressed cytochrome P450 of adult human liver, is subject to multifaceted constitutive regulation as well as transcriptional induction by a variety of structurally unrelated xenobiotics. Using transient transfections in HepG2 cells, we previously demonstrated the existence of a potent xenobiotic-responsive enhancer(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains an important cause of liver failure after hepatic surgery or transplantation. The mechanism seems to originate within the hepatic sinusoid, with damage to endothelial cells, an early, reproducible finding. Sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs), damaged during reperfusion, activate and recruit(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Profound impairment of liver regeneration in rodents with dysfunctional leptin signaling has been attributed to non-alcohol-induced fatty liver disorders (NAFLD). Our aim was to establish whether defective liver regeneration in ob/ob mice is a direct consequence of leptin-dependent, intracellular signaling mechanisms controlling cell-cycle(More)
Although hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is partially mediated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), we recently found that low-dose TNF before IR is hepatoprotective. We examined the seemingly conflicting roles of TNF in mediating liver injury in a partial hepatic IR model using TNF gene knockout (TNF ko) mice to allow TNF replacement at specified(More)
This study is an extension to previously published work that has linked variation in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I region with susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) in Australians from the Island State of Tasmania. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mapping was performed on an 865-kb candidate region (D6S1683-D6S265) in 166 Tasmanian MS(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The biological effects of ischaemic preconditioning include NF-kappaB activation, increased TNF synthesis, stimulation of cell cycle entry and hepatoprotection against ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Low dose TNF initiates the priming phase of liver regeneration via NF-kappaB and IL-6. To determine whether (1) IL-6 is released during(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We explored the roles of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha (TNF-alpha) as mediators of inflammation in a nutritional model of steatohepatitis. METHODS Wild-type (wt), TNF null -/-, and TNF receptor (R)-1-/- mice were fed a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet for up to 5 weeks. Liver injury(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS We quantifed the short-term effects of immunosuppressive therapy on hepatic metabolic function in autoimmune hepatitis to establish how long it takes to achieve maximum functional improvement. METHODS We studied 14 newly diagnosed patients with autoimmune hepatitis (12 type 1, two type 2) by antipyrine clearance and conventional liver(More)
Genetic studies have demonstrated association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the IL2RA (interleukin-2 receptor α-subunit) gene and risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS); however, these variants do not have obvious functional consequences. DNA methylation is a source of genetic variation that could impact on autoimmune disease risk. We(More)
  • 1