Jacqueline Darroch

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In epidemiologic studies of two binary exposure factors, much attention has been given to the concept of synergism of the factors. The leading dictionary of epidemiology offers two definitions of synergism, one of which this author labels statistical and the other biologic. The epidemiologic literature has been largely concerned with statistical synergism,(More)
The daily urinary excretion of calcium, oxalate, glycosaminoglycans and uric acid, and the 24-h urinary pH and volume were measured in 61 normal men and in 81 men with a history of renal stone disease. The following features of these data were noted: No significant difference could be demonstrated between the stone-formers and normals with respect to any of(More)
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) and acquired angioedema (AAE) are rare life-threatening conditions caused by deficiency of C1 inhibitor (C1INH). Both are characterized by recurrent unpredictable episodes of mucosal swelling involving three main areas: the skin, gastrointestinal tract and larynx. Swelling in the gastrointestinal tract results in abdominal pain(More)
BACKGROUND Each year in the UK, there are between two and nine deaths from anaphylaxis caused by bee and wasp venom. Anaphylactic reactions can occur rapidly following a sting and can progress to a life-threatening condition within minutes. To avoid further reactions in people with a history of anaphylaxis to bee and wasp venom, the use of desensitisation,(More)
where y = [yl y~ " ' " y~]' has covariance mat r ix r and is uncorre la ted wi th z = [zl z2 . z~]' which has covar iance mat r ix A, so t h a t z¢ is uncorre la ted wi th zi , 1 < i _~ j < p. T h e variable y~ is called the common-fac tor c o m p o n e n t of x~ and var(y~) -1 -~ is the communa l i ty of x¢ while z~ is the specific fac tor of x~ and(More)
The incidence of loose bowel actions in hospitalized children who were receiving amoxycillin mixture has been studied. A total of 293 patients were observed for the occurrence of loose bowel actions considered not to be due to their disease-state; some 19% of these patients suffered this side effect. The incidence was extremely high in the youngest(More)
The theme for today’s Lancet is the third Women Deliver conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on May 28–30. To document progress, barriers, and opportunities in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health, the journal’s research section has been expanded to accommodate six studies; more will be published online. The studies use diff erent methods to(More)
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