Jacqueline Chevalier

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Enterobacter aerogenes is among the five most frequently isolated nosocomial pathogens in France, and this bacterium also shows increasing multidrug resistance. In this study, various E. aerogenes strains isolated from hospital units were characterized for their outer-membrane proteins, antibiotic susceptibilities (inhibition diameters and MICs) and(More)
The prevalence of active drug efflux pump and porin alterations was investigated in Turkish nosocomial strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae exhibiting a multidrug-resistant phenotype. MICs of various antibiotics, including quinolones, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, and beta-lactams, for those strains were determined either with or without the efflux pump(More)
The Additional sex combs (Asx) gene of Drosophila behaves genetically as an enhancer of trithorax and polycomb (ETP) in displaying bidirectional homeotic phenotypes, suggesting that is required for maintenance of both activation and silencing of Hox genes. There are three murine homologs of Asx called Additional sex combs-like1, 2, and 3. Asxl1 is required(More)
The present study assessed the antimicrobial activities of various natural products belonging to the terpenoids, alkaloids and phenolics against a collection of Gram-negative multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. The results demonstrated that most of the compounds were extruded by bacterial efflux pumps. In the presence of the efflux pump inhibitor(More)
After several decades of continuously successful antibiotic therapy against bacterial infections, we are now facing a worrying prospect: the accelerated evolution of antibiotic resistance to important human pathogens and the scarcity of new anti-infective drug families under development. Efflux is a general mechanism responsible for bacterial resistance to(More)
Over the last decade, MDR (multidrug resistance) has increased worldwide in microbial pathogens by efflux mechanisms, leading to treatment failures in human infections. Several Gram-negative bacteria efflux pumps have been described. These proteinaceous channels are capable of expelling structurally different drugs across the envelope and conferring(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate SOF-1 was resistant to cefepime and susceptible to ceftazidime. This resistance phenotype was explained by the expression of OXA-31, which shared 98% amino acid identity with a class D beta-lactamase, OXA-1. The oxa-31 gene was located on a ca. 300-kb nonconjugative plasmid and on a class 1 integron. No additional(More)
Two Klebsiella pneumoniae strains selected according to their high cross-resistance pattern to cephalosporins were characterized by (i) outer membrane protein content such as OmpA or nonspecific porins, (ii) MICs of various cephalosporins and unrelated antibiotics, (iii) beta-lactamase production, and (iv) active efflux of fluoroquinolones. An association(More)
Platelet aggregation by ADP plays a major role in the development and extension of arterial thrombosis. The antithrombotic thienopyridine compounds ticlopidine and clopidogrel have proved useful tools to investigate the mechanisms of ADP-induced platelet activation. In essence, although clopidogrel has been shown to completely and selectively block(More)
The ompX gene of Enterobacter aerogenes was cloned. Its overexpression induced a decrease in the major porin Omp36 production and consequently a beta-lactam resistance was noted. Purified outer membrane protein X (OmpX) was reconstituted into artificial membranes and formed ion channels with a conductance of 20 pS in 1 M NaCl and a cationic selectivity.(More)