Jacqueline Chalas

Learn More
Two series of compounds, substituted benzoselenazolinones and their opened analogs, diselenides, were prepared. The diselenides were designed according to the available SAR about glutathione peroxidase mimics and were expected to have activity. An initial series of tests was performed in order to assess the glutathione peroxidase and antioxidant activity of(More)
We studied the cytotoxic effect of copper-oxidized LDL in human primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and the immortalized EA.hy 926 cell line. Copper oxidized LDL (50-200 microg apoB/ml) induced concentration-dependent apoptotic cell death in HUVEC but did not induce apoptosis in EA.hy 926 cells. Only necrotic EA.hy 926 cells were(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyperlipidemia is a feature of liver glycogen storage disease (GSD). Recent studies have suggested that rheological mechanisms such as elevated erythrocyte aggregation may be involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic syndromes associated with hyperlipidemia. DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated erythrocyte aggregation, lipids, and circulatory(More)
BACKGROUND In France, several cases of vitamin D-deficiency rickets among adolescents have been reported, but no prophylaxis measure has been systematically recommended at this age. The aim of this study was to measure 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) levels and to search for biological signs of vitamin D deficiency during adolescence. Moreover, the effects(More)
Inhibition of copper-induced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation by phenolic acids and their ethyl esters was investigated. LDL oxidation was evaluated by the hydroperoxide concentration and the chromatographic pattern of apoprotein fractions after fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC). Antiradical properties against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl(More)
1. Since oxygen free radicals are directly involved in a variety of pathologies such as atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, inflammation and/or when a deficit of defences of the organism against radicals occurs, we developed a suitable and simple method to determine both the erythrocyte sensitivity to an oxidative stress and plasma antioxidant protective(More)
Gilbert syndrome (GS), characterized by mild, chronic and isolated unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia is due to a partial deficiency of bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1). Recently, the genetic basis of GS has been identified in caucasian populations : it is related to the insertion of a dinucleotide (TA) in the promoter region of the UGT1A1 gene.(More)
In cirrhotic patients, the authors studied the modification of the pharmacokinetics of ampicillin in the plasma and in the ascitic fluid, as well as its concentration in the urine. The influence of the jaundice, the ascites and diuretics were studied. In cirrhosis, dilution and elimination of the antibiotic are modified, as is shown by the increase in T 1/2(More)