Jacqueline C T Close

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OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of exercise on falls prevention in older people and establish whether particular trial characteristics or components of exercise programs are associated with larger reductions in falls. DESIGN Systematic review with meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials that compared fall rates in older people who undertook(More)
OBJECTIVE this study aimed to perform a comprehensive validation of the 16-item and 7-item Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) by investigating the overall structure and measurement properties, convergent and predictive validity and responsiveness to change. METHOD five hundred community-dwelling older people (70-90 years) were assessed on the(More)
BACKGROUND Falls in elderly people are a common presenting complaint to accident and emergency departments. Current practice commonly focuses on the injury, with little systematic assessment of the underlying cause, functional consequences, and possibilities for future prevention. We undertook a randomised controlled study to assess the benefit of a(More)
This systematic review update includes 54 randomised controlled trials and confirms that exercise as a single intervention can prevent falls (pooled rate ratio 0.84, 95% CI 0.77-0.91). Meta-regression revealed programs that included balance training, contained a higher dose of exercise and did not include walking training to have the greatest effect on(More)
This randomized controlled trial with blinded assessment aimed to determine the effect of a 6-month minimally supervised exercise program on fall risk factors in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Forty-eight participants with PD who had fallen or were at risk of falling were randomized into exercise or control groups. The exercise group attended a(More)
BACKGROUND The Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) has been recommended as a simple screening tool to identify those at risk of falling. However, subsequent detailed assessment is required to identify underlying falls risk factors to provide direction for optimal targeted intervention strategies. METHODS 110 consecutive falls clinic patients underwent the TUGT,(More)
Falls incidence in Chinese older people has been reported to be approximately half that of Caucasian populations. It is possible that the falls risk factor profile may differ significantly between Caucasian and Chinese populations, and a better understanding of this reported difference in incidence and associated risk factors may influence potential(More)
Falls are a major cause of morbidity in Parkinson's disease (PD). The objective of this study was to identify predictors of falls in PD and develop a simple prediction tool that would be useful in routine patient care. Potential predictor variables (falls history, disease severity, cognition, leg muscle strength, balance, mobility, freezing of gait [FOG],(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate relationships between the use of cardiovascular medications, including angiotensin system-blocking medications (ASBMs), orthostatic hypotension (OH), fall risk, and falls in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS Five hundred twenty community-dwelling older(More)