Jacqueline C. Kent

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The aim of this study was to use ultrasound imaging to re-investigate the anatomy of the lactating breast. The breasts of 21 fully lactating women (1-6 months post partum) were scanned using an ACUSON XP10 (5-10 MHz linear array probe). The number of main ducts was measured, ductal morphology was determined, and the distribution of glandular and adipose(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to provide information that can be used as a guide to clinicians when advising breastfeeding mothers on normal lactation with regard to the frequency and volume of breastfeedings and the fat content of breast milk. METHODS Mothers (71) of infants who were 1 to 6 months of age and exclusively breastfeeding on demand test-weighed their(More)
Fat in human milk is extremely variable and can represent up to 50 % of infant energy intake. To accurately determine milk composition and infant intake at 1 (n 17), 2 (n 17), 4 (n 17), 6 (n 15), 9 (n 6) and 12 (n 5) months of lactation, samples of fore- and hind-milk were collected from each breast at each feed over 24 h periods from an initial group of(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanism by which the breastfeeding infant removes milk from the breast is still controversial. It is unclear whether the infant uses predominantly intra-oral vacuum or a peristaltic action of the tongue to remove milk from the breast. The aim of this study was to use ultrasound to observe movements of the tongue during breastfeeding and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if intraluminal production of CO2 leads to underestimation of gastric intramural pH (pHi) by tonometry. DESIGN Nonrandomized controlled study. PATIENTS Healthy volunteers. INTERVENTIONS NG tonometers were placed in healthy volunteers. Some of the volunteers (n = 11) were pretreated with ranitidine to prevent secretion of protons(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the differences in breastfeeding and bottle-feeding, our understanding of how suck-swallow-breathe (SSwB), oxygenation, and heart rate patterns change as the infant ages is based predominantly on bottle-feeding studies. Therefore, this study aimed to measure how SSwB, oxygenation, and heart rate patterns changed during the first 4 months(More)
Human milk is a complex secretion that is the sole ideal food for babies for at least the first 6 months of life. The amount and composition of the milk is largely independent of the mother's diet. The composition of the milk changes during lactogenesis II, and these changes can be used as biochemical markers of the onset of copious milk secretion. After 1(More)
Breastfeeding rates in many developed countries remain low, and maternal perception of insufficient milk production is a major contributing factor. Mothers with a perception of insufficient milk should be advised that normal breastfeeding frequencies, suckling times, and amounts are very variable. If objective assessment confirms insufficient milk(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the increased metabolic activity of the lactating breast, no studies have been carried out to determine mammary blood flow (MBF) parameters or the relationship between MBF and milk production in women. The aim of this study was to measure the MBF in the internal mammary artery (IMA) and lateral thoracic artery (LTA) of lactating women and(More)