Jacqueline A. McGroarty

Learn More
Previous investigations have shown that certain strains of lactobacilli can competitively exclude uropathogens from attaching to uroepithelial cells and from causing urinary tract infection in animals. The finding of an inhibitory effect produced by Lactobacillus casei ssp. rhamnosus GR-1 against the growth of uropathogens was investigated further using two(More)
Metronidazole resistance was produced in susceptible Gardnerella vaginalis after subculture in the presence of metronidazole. Metronidazole-resistant gardnerellae were less susceptible to growth inhibition by Lactobacillus culture filtrates. A low pH (+/- 4) and lactic acid accounted for 60 to 95% of inhibitory activity, and H2O2 accounted for only 0 to(More)
Recent studies have shown that certain lactobacilli strains have the ability to interfere with the adherence and growth of uropathogenic bacteria. This interaction is believed to be important in the maintenance of a normal urogenital flora and in the prevention of infection in females. In the present study, Lactobacillus casei ssp. rhamnosus GR-1 and(More)
This review describes the importance of microbial adhesion in the ecology of the urogenital and intestinal tracts and the influence of host and microbial factors in bacterial interference. In a recent revival of interest in bacterial interference, lactobacillus administration has been studied as a means of treating and preventing disease. Although evidence(More)
Facultative anaerobic lactobacilli were recovered from the vaginas of 96.8% of 63 nonpregnant, healthy, premenopausal women. The predominant species were Lactobacillus jensenii, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Lactobacillus casei. Of the women, 74.6% had hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli, 22.2% had non-hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli, and(More)
The working hypotheses of the present study were that (1) bacterial coaggregates exist in the urogenital tract of healthy and infected women, and (2) coaggregation reactions can occur in vitro between members of the urogenital flora. Examination of urogenital specimens from 25 healthy women showed that lactobacilli were the dominant organisms colonizing the(More)
We now report the development of gelatin suppositories containing freeze dried Lactobacillus casei GR-1 and L. fermentum B-54 chosen for their ability to adhere to uroepithelial cells and inhibit the growth of E. coli and Enterococcus faecalis in vitro. The product has a long shelf life, and is easily and safely utilized. In a preliminary study of 10 female(More)
The ability of gram-positive cocci to aggregate and form biofilms at the exit site and on catheter surfaces in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has been associated with peritonitis. In the present study, 16 (80%) of 20 dialysate effluents from patients with staphylococcal peritonitis were found to contain aggregates of Staphylococcus(More)
All 25 strains of Candida spp. tested were able to grow in medium supplemented with 25% nonoxynol-9 in vitro. Adhesion of Candida spp. to HeLa cells was found to increase in the presence of 5% nonoxynol-9 (2.2- to 6.6-fold; P less than 0.001) and, to a lesser extent, in 12.5% nonoxynol-9. Adhesion of Candida strains cultured in medium supplemented with(More)