Jacq G. Nijssen

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Guinea pig alveolar macrophages were labeled by incubation with either arachidonate or linoleate. Arachidonate labeled phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and triglycerides (TG) equally well, with each lipid containing about 30% of total cellular radioactivity. In comparison to arachidonate, linoleate was recovered significantly less in(More)
Evidence was obtained for a CoA-dependent transfer of linoleate from rat lung microsomal phosphatidylcholine to lysophosphatidylethanolamine without the intervention of a Ca2+-requiring phospholipase A2 activity and ATP. To study this CoA-mediated transacylation process, microsomes were prepared in which the endogenous phosphatidylcholine was labeled by(More)
The 100 000 X g supernatant of total rat lung homogenate was found to contain at least three phospholipase A2-type activities. Gel filtration separated a low molecular weight and Ca2+-requiring phospholipase A2 from Ca2+-independent acylhydrolase peak with an apparent higher molecular weight. Upon DEAE-cellulose chromatography this fraction was separated(More)
Dopamine causes a dose-dependent contraction of the rat rectum in vitro followed by a relaxation. This contraction can be inhibited by apomorphine and phenylephrine. This inhibition can be attenuated by the β-endorphin (βE) fragments 2–17 (des-Tyr1-γ-endorphin, DTγE) and 6-17 (des-enkephalin-γ-endorphin, DEγE). βE 6-17 seems to be the shortest sequence with(More)
We investigated the specificity of the cytosol-mediated phosphatidylcholine transfer between isolated rat lung microsomes and rat lung lamellar bodies. For that purpose we labeled the microsomes with 1-acyl-2-[1-14C]palmitoyl- and 1-acyl-2-[9,10-3H]oleoylphosphatidylcholine through protein-catalyzed phosphatidylcholine exchange. Incubation in buffer(More)
Dopamine causes a dose-dependent contraction of the rat rectum in vitro followed by a relaxation. This contraction can be inhibited by apomorphine and phenylephrine. This inhibition can be attenuated by the beta-endorphin (beta E) fragments 2-17 (des-Tyr1-gamma-endorphin, DT gamma E) and 6-17 (des-enkephalin-gamma-endorphin, DE gamma E). beta E 6-17 seems(More)
Lamellar bodies isolated from 10% (w/v) rat lung homogenates by discontinuous sucrose gradient centrifugation were shown to contain variable amounts of adhering proteins. These contaminating proteins could be removed by either Sepharose 4B gel filtration or precipitation of the crude preparation at pH 11.5. Both purification methods yielded membrane(More)
Cytosols (105,000 X g supernatant) from seven rat tissues were assayed for Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 activity with either 1-acyl-2-[1-14C]linoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, 1-acyl-2-[1-14C]linoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine or 1-O-hexadecyl-2-[9,10-3H2]oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine as substrate. Low but consistent activities ranging(More)
When 600 X g supernatants of 10% (w/v) rat lung homogenates were incubated with CDP[Me-14C]choline both saturated and unsaturated species of phosphatidylcholine were formed from endogenous diacylglycerols. The percentage radioactivity in the disaturated species of total phosphatidylcholine increased with time from 12% after 5 min to 30% after 60 min(More)
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