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PURPOSE This study was designed to add new data about laryngeal carcinogenesis, a multistep process in which chemical and/or viral agents induce and promote successive alterations in growth factor-linked signal transmission pathways, genetic instability, and mutations in key genes involved in cell growth control. Epidemiological evidence suggests that human(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus 16 infection has been proven to be associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and is probably the main reason of the reported increase in the incidence. The role of high-risk (HR) HPV for carcinogenesis of other sites in the head and neck awaits confirmation. With the aim to evaluate the prevalence of HPV(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is suspected to be a risk factor for head and neck, and in particular for laryngeal, carcinogenesis. Cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) overexpression and amplification have been shown to play a role as prognostic factors in many human cancers, among which are head and neck cancers. METHODS A literature review of the(More)
BACKGROUND The association between head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and allelic variants of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and -T1 (GSTT1) is currently controversial. The present study investigates the prevalences of GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphism in a cohort of 100 head and neck cancer patients, 100 healthy donors and 200 controls with(More)
The Authors describe a case of non recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve located on the right side observed during anatomical studies of the innervation of the larynx. The description is accompanied by photographic documentation which shows the anomalous course of the nerve and its abnormal relationship with the right subclavian artery, also anomalous. The(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Squamous cell carcinoma arising from the nasal vestibule is a rare condition accounting for about 1% of head and neck malignancies with several peculiarities concerning both staging and treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the oncological and functional results of two different treatment modalities for the primary site:(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the prognostic value of "early" and "late" Fluorine-18-Fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with radio-chemotherapy (RTCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-six patients treated with RTCT for HNSCC were included. All(More)
PURPOSE This was a radioisotope study of nasal mucociliary clearance of total and subtotal nasal obstruction. METHODS Rhinoscintigraphy was performed by insufflating 1.85 MBq (69 mCi) Tc-99m MAA in 20 patients. Six cases were regarded as the control group, because the presence of small spurs does not affect nasal patency. The remaining 14 patients had(More)
The activation of telomerase has been shown to be an important step during tumorigenesis in a variety of malignancies and is associated with characteristics of cellular immortality, such as indefinite proliferative potential. We studied telomerase activity in a series of human laryngeal carcinomas. Thirty-six tumors from 35 patients were studied using a(More)
HYPOTHESIS At present, main factors considered responsible for the onset of squamous cell carcinoma are tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, and exposure to viral and toxic agents. In last years, great interest has been focused on gastroesophageal reflux as independent carcinogenic factor and co-carcinogen in association with smoking and alcohol assumption. (More)