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We propose local magnetic actuation (LMA) as an approach to robotic actuation for surgical instruments. An LMA actuation unit consists of a pair of diametrically magnetized single-dipole cylindrical magnets, working as magnetic gears across the abdominal wall. In this study, we developed a dynamic model for an LMA actuation unit by extending the theory(More)
Magnetic instruments for laparoscopic surgery have the potential to enhance triangula-tion and reduce invasiveness, as they can be rearranged inside the abdominal cavity and do not need a dedicated port during the procedure. Onboard actuators can be used to achieve a controlled and repeatable motion at the interface with the tissue. However, actuators that(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulations have provided invaluable tools for investigating nervous system functions in a preoperative context; in this paper we propose an innovative tool to extend the magnetic stimulation to an open skull context as a promising approach to map the brain cortex. The present gold standard for intraoperative functional mapping of the(More)
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