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The possibility of using the porphyrin precursor 5-aminolevulinic acid to cause selective porphyrin accumulation in tumors was examined. Syngeneic colon carcinomas CC531 were implanted in the livers of Wag/Rij rats. Groups of three to six animals each were given 2 mg/mL of 5-aminolevulinic acid in drinking water from the 8th, 14th, or 17th day after tumor(More)
Nitrogen balance at three levels of protein intake was measured in eight patients with cirrhosis of the liver; moreover, at each level of protein intake, the effects on nitrogen balance of branched-chain amino-acid enriched protein and natural protein were compared. From these nitrogen balance data, minimum protein requirements were calculated by linear(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition as a result of anorexia frequently occurs in dialysis patients. In patients who are on peritoneal dialysis (PD), dialysate that contains amino acids (AA) improves protein anabolism when combined with a sufficient oral intake of calories. It was investigated whether protein anabolism can be obtained with a mixture of AA plus(More)
Cancer cachexia is associated with elevated lipolysis, proteolysis and gluconeogenesis. ATP infusion has been found to significantly inhibit loss of body weight, fat mass and fat-free mass in patients with advanced lung cancer. The present study was aimed at exploring the effects of ATP on whole-body glucose turnover, alanine turnover and gluconeogenesis(More)
Normal, healthy human volunteers and patients with proved history of non-melanoma skin cancer have been tested for their capacity to develop contact hypersensitivity to dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) following exposure of buttock skin to acute, low-dose ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. Using a radiation protocol that achieves virtually complete depletion of(More)
Although the reduction of serum triacylglycerol concentrations by dietary fish oil is a well-known effect, the exact mechanism of this effect has not been previously studied in human subjects. Therefore, the aim of this study was (i) to examine the effect of short-term fish oil supplementation on blood concentrations of ketone bodies, free fatty acids and(More)
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is a purine nucleotide found in every cell of the human body. In addition to its well established role in cellular metabolism, extracellular ATP and its breakdown product adenosine, exert pronounced effects in a variety of biological processes including neurotransmission, muscle contraction, cardiac function, platelet(More)
This study assessed the validity of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) to predict total body water (TBW) in patients with cirrhosis. TBW was estimated by deuterium oxide dilution (D2O) and compared with TBW predicted by BIA in 27 patients with cirrhosis with and without ascites or edema (Group A), in a subgroup of 18 'dry' cirrhotics without clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterise the pharmacokinetics of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) in patients with lung cancer after i.v. administration of different ATP dosages. METHODS Twenty-eight patients received a total of 176 i.v. ATP courses of 30 h. Fifty-two infusions were given as low-dose infusions of 25-40 microg kg(-1) min(-1), 47 as middle-dose infusions(More)
The incidence of skin cancers of the basal and squamous cell types is extremely low among genetically black-skinned human beings, whereas these types of skin cancers are common among Caucasians, especially those who live in geographic areas of high sun exposure. Ultraviolet B light (UVB) is thought to be the primary oncogenic agent in sunlight. We have(More)