Jacobo Sellarés

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BACKGROUND Non-invasive ventilation can prevent respiratory failure after extubation in individuals at increased risk of this complication, and enhanced survival in patients with hypercapnia has been recorded. We aimed to assess prospectively the effectiveness of non-invasive ventilation after extubation in patients with hypercapnia and as rescue therapy(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish the microbial aetiology and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treated as outpatients after presenting to a hospital emergency care unit. A prospective observational study was carried out in the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain). All consecutive cases of CAP treated as(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnea (OSAH) is a highly prevalent disease that increases the risk of cardiovascular, metabolic and neurocognitive disorders [1, 2]. Generally speaking, when OSAH is suspected primary care physicians refer the patient to a hospital sleep unit to assess the clinical history and decide the optimal sleep test for confirming the(More)
Hyperthermia was shown to induce oxidative stress by uncoupling mitochondrial respiratory chain and to reduce superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in muscles. Reactive carbonyl groups, malondialdehyde (MDA)-protein adducts, 3-nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity, Mn-SOD, and catalase were detected using immunoblotting in rat diaphragm specimens and homogenates(More)
Auscultation of Velcro crackles has been proposed as a key finding in physical lung examination in patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), especially in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, no studies have been carried out to assess the association of Velcro crackles with other clinical variables.We evaluated a cohort of 132 patients,(More)
During the weaning process, spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) involve cardiopulmonary stress for ventilated patients. As interleukin (IL)-6 is a major modulator of the stress response, we hypothesised that systemic IL-6 increases during a SBT and that this increase is more evident in SBT failure. 49 SBTs of 30-min duration were performed on different(More)
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