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BACKGROUND Non-invasive ventilation can prevent respiratory failure after extubation in individuals at increased risk of this complication, and enhanced survival in patients with hypercapnia has been recorded. We aimed to assess prospectively the effectiveness of non-invasive ventilation after extubation in patients with hypercapnia and as rescue therapy(More)
An International Consensus Conference proposed classifying weaning into simple, difficult, and prolonged weaning. However, the usefulness of this classification in a respiratory intensive care unit (ICU) is unknown. The aims of the study were: (1) to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients from the three weaning groups in a respiratory(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the influence of age, gender and ethnicity in the clinical presentation of sarcoidosis in a cohort of Spanish patients. METHODS We analysed 175 consecutive patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis between 1990 and 2014 in the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Spain. Sarcoidosis was diagnosed according to the 1999 WASOG criteria. Organ(More)
IMPORTANCE In patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia, treatment failure is associated with excessive inflammatory response and worse outcomes. Corticosteroids may modulate cytokine release in these patients, but the benefit of this adjunctive therapy remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of corticosteroids in patients with(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish the microbial aetiology and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treated as outpatients after presenting to a hospital emergency care unit. A prospective observational study was carried out in the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain). All consecutive cases of CAP treated as(More)
BACKGROUND Worsening of respiratory mechanics during a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) has been traditionally associated with weaning failure, although this finding is based on studies with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients only. The aim of our study was to assess the course of respiratory impedance non-invasively measured by forced(More)
In severe COPD patients, oxidative stress, which is involved in their peripheral muscle dysfunction, increases in response to exercise. In this study, muscle oxidative stress was explored after quadriceps magnetic stimulation training. A randomized controlled study was conducted on very severe COPD patients, who underwent quadriceps magnetic stimulation(More)
RATIONALE Previous use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been associated with increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia. However, ICS have been associated with fewer pneumonia complications and decreased risk of pneumonia-related mortality. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of patients with suspected interstitial lung disease (ILD) includes surgical lung biopsy (SLB) when clinical and radiological data are inconclusive. However, cryobiopsy is acquiring an important role in the ILD diagnostic process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield, safety and economic costs of the(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnea (OSAH) is a highly prevalent disease that increases the risk of cardiovascular, metabolic and neurocognitive disorders [1, 2]. Generally speaking, when OSAH is suspected primary care physicians refer the patient to a hospital sleep unit to assess the clinical history and decide the optimal sleep test for confirming the(More)