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Unreal Wages? Real Income and Economic Growth in England, 1260-1850
Existing accounts of workers' earnings in the past suffer from the fundamental problem that annual incomes are inferred from day wages without knowing the length of the working year. We circumventExpand
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The Wages of Women in England, 1260-1850
This paper presents a wage series for unskilled English women workers from 1260 to 1850 and compares it with existing evidence for men. Our series cast light on long run trends in women's agency andExpand
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Unreal Wages? A New Empirical Foundation for the Study of Living Standards and Economic Growth in England, 1260‐1860
Abstract: Existing measures of historical real wages suffer from the fundamental problem that workers’ annual incomes are estimated on the basis of day wages without knowing the length of the workingExpand
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Survival of the richest? Social status, fertility and social mobility in England 1541-1824
We use data collected by the Cambridge Group to investigate and explain differences in fertility by socio-economic group in pre-industrial England. We find, in line with results presented by GregExpand
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Human Capital Formation During the First Industrial Revolution: Evidence from the Use of Steam Engines
This paper explores the effect of technological change on human capital formation during the early phases of England’s Industrial Revolution. Following the methodology used in Franck and GalorExpand
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Fecundity, Fertility and Family Reconstitution Data: The Child Quantity-Quality Trade-Off Revisited
Growth theorists have recently argued that western nations grew rich by parents substituting child quantity (number of births) for child quality (education). Using family reconstitution data fromExpand
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Further Evidence of Within-Marriage Fertility Control in Pre-Transitional England
The identification of parity effects on the hazard of a next birth in cross-family data requires accounting for heterogeneity in fecundity across couples. In a previously published article,Expand
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Globalization revisited: Market integration and the wheat trade between North America and Britain from the eighteenth century
We take up again the famous case of the trade in wheat between the United States and the United Kingdom. This is often used to illustrate the so-called first era of globalization at the end of theExpand
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From preventive to permissive checks: the changing nature of the Malthusian relationship between nuptiality and the price of provisions in the nineteenth century
The Malthusian “preventive check” mechanism has been well documented for pre-industrial England through evidence for a negative correlation between the marriage rate and the price of wheat. OtherExpand
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Pioneering into the Past: Regional Literacy Developments in Italy Before Italy
Blindfolded by a lack of earlier systematic data, comparative studies of regional developments in historical Italy begin with the formation of the Italian state, in 1861. We use literacy ratesExpand
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