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Chemokine/chemoattractant G protein-coupled receptors trigger an inside-out signaling network that rapidly activates integrins, a key step in inflammatory leukocyte recruitment. Integrins mediate leukocyte arrest and adhesion to endothelium through multivalent binding, and they transmit outside-in signals to stabilize adhesion and coordinate cell spreading(More)
Leukocyte crawling and transendothelial migration (TEM) are potentiated by shear stress caused by blood flow. The mechanism that couples shear stress to migration has not been fully elucidated. We found that mice lacking GEF-H1 (GEF-H1-/-), a RhoA-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), displayed limited migration and recruitment of neutrophils(More)
The development of chronic liver diseases is mediated by sustained hepatic inflammation. Our objective was to characterize the molecular mechanisms responsible for the hepatic inflammatory response to time-limited TNF-alpha and IL-1beta expression. C57Bl/6 mice were injected with 2 x 10(7) plaque forming units intraperitoneally of an adenoviral vector(More)
Integrins are adhesion molecules critical for the recruitment of leukocytes from blood into peripheral tissues. However, whether integrins are also involved in leukocyte exit from peripheral tissues via afferent lymphatics to the draining lymph node remains poorly understood. In this article, we show that adhesion by the collagen IV-binding integrin α1β1(More)
Leukocytes arrested on inflamed endothelium via integrins are subjected to force imparted by flowing blood. How leukocytes respond to this force and resist detachment is poorly understood. Live-cell imaging with Lifeact-transfected U937 cells revealed that force triggers actin polymerization at upstream α4β1 integrin adhesion sites and the adjacent cortical(More)
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