Jacob P Fraser

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Preclinical drug development studies currently rely on costly and time-consuming animal testing because existing cell culture models fail to recapitulate complex, organ-level disease processes in humans. We provide the proof of principle for using a biomimetic microdevice that reconstitutes organ-level lung functions to create a human disease(More)
Modification of protein cysteine residues by disulfide formation with glutathione (glutathionylation) is a reversible posttranslational modification of critical importance in controlling cell signaling events following oxidative and/or nitrosative stress. Here, we show that human sulfiredoxin, a small redox protein conserved in eukaryotes, can act as a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous, diffusible, transcellular messenger shown to affect regulatory and signaling pathways with impact on cell survival. Exposure to NO can impart direct post-translational modifications on target proteins such as nitration and/or nitrosylation. As an alternative, after interaction with oxygen, superoxide, glutathione, or(More)
Although hysterectomy is a frequently performed surgical procedure, little is known about how women make decisions regarding hysterectomy. This report details the women's perceptions of male partners' knowledge and attitudes about hysterectomy and the role women expect or allow men to play in their decision-making process. Seventeen focus groups were(More)
'Organs-on-chips' are microengineered biomimetic systems containing microfluidic channels lined by living human cells, which replicate key functional units of living organs to reconstitute integrated human organ-level pathophysiology in vitro. These microdevices can be used to test efficacy and toxicity of drugs and chemicals, and to create in vitro models(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous, diffusible, transcellular messenger shown to affect regulatory and signaling pathways with impact on cell survival. Exposure to NO can impart direct post-translational modifications on target proteins such as nitration and/or nitrosylation. As an alternative, after interaction with oxygen, superoxide, glutathione, or(More)
Community-based organizations (CBOs) have been providing HIV prevention services to priority populations for many years. Recent research suggests that CBOs could benefit from capacity building to strengthen their public health prevention knowledge and skills, including ability to access and use behavioral science to guide prevention efforts. A(More)
The global pandemic of HIV/AIDS is at catastrophic levels in sub-Saharan Africa, while the need for research and treatment initiatives throughout the developing world remains critical. The West African country of Sierra Leone is representative of both of these facts. The purposes of this study were to assess the HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and(More)
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) has numerous desirable properties for fabricating microfluidic devices, including optical transparency, flexibility, biocompatibility, and fabrication by casting; however, partitioning of small hydrophobic molecules into the bulk of PDMS hinders industrial acceptance of PDMS microfluidic devices for chemical processing and drug(More)