Jacob M Goldberg

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N-terminal acetylation is ubiquitous among eukaryotic proteins and controls a myriad of biological processes. Of the N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs) that facilitate this cotranslational modification, the heterodimeric NatA complex has the most diversity for substrate selection and modifies the majority of all N-terminally acetylated proteins. Here, we(More)
The vast amount of fast excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian central nervous system is mediated by AMPA-subtype glutamate receptors (AMPARs). As a result, AMPAR-mediated synaptic transmission is implicated in nearly all aspects of brain development, function, and plasticity. Despite the central role of AMPARs in neurobiology, the fine-tuning of(More)
The amino acid acridon-2-ylalanine (Acd) can be a valuable probe of protein conformational change because it is a long lifetime, visible wavelength fluorophore that is small enough to be incorporated during ribosomal biosynthesis. Incorporation of Acd into proteins expressed in Escherichia coli requires efficient chemical synthesis to produce large(More)
Fluorescent probe pairs that can be selectively excited in the presence of Trp and Tyr are of great utility in studying conformational changes in proteins. However, the size of these probe pairs can restrict their incorporation to small portions of a protein sequence where their effects on secondary and tertiary structure can be tolerated. Our findings show(More)
Thioamide modifications of the peptide backbone are used to perturb secondary structure, to inhibit proteolysis, as photoswitches, and as spectroscopic labels. Thus far, their incorporation has been confined to single peptides synthesized on solid phase. We have generated thioamides in C-terminal thioesters or N-terminal Cys fragments and examined their(More)
Previously we have shown that thioamides can be incorporated into proteins as minimally perturbing fluorescence-quenching probes to study protein dynamics, folding, and aggregation. Here, we show that the spontaneity of photoinduced electron transfer between a thioamide and an excited fluorophore is governed by the redox potentials of each moiety according(More)
Thioamides quench tryptophan and tyrosine fluorescence in a distance-dependent manner and thus can be used to monitor the binding of thioamide-containing peptides to proteins. Since thioamide analogs of the natural amino acids can be synthetically incorporated into peptides, they can function as minimally-perturbing probes of protein/peptide interactions.
Decreasing the size of spectroscopic probes can afford higher-resolution structural information from fluorescence experiments. Therefore, we have developed p-cyanophenylalanine (Cnf) and backbone thioamides as a fluorophore/quencher pair. Through the examination of a series of thiopeptides, we have determined the working distance for this pair to be 8-30 Å.(More)