Jacob Krall

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
A series of substituted 1-hydroxypyrazole analogues of the GABA(A) receptor partial agonist 5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol (4-PIOL) have been synthesized and pharmacologically characterized. Several of the analogues displayed K(i) in the low nanomolar range at the native GABA(A) receptors and potent antagonism of the alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2) receptor. It(More)
In the present study, the orthosteric GABAA receptor (GABAAR) ligand 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisothiazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (Thio-THIP) was found to possess a highly interesting functional profile at recombinant human GABAARs and native rat GABAARs. Whereas Thio-THIP displayed weak antagonist activity at α1,2,5β2,3γ2S and ρ1 GABAARs and partial agonism at α6β2,3δ(More)
The isoxazol-3-one tautomer of the bicyclic isoxazole, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-isoxazolo[4,5-d]azepin-3-ol (THAZ), has previously been shown to be a weak GABA(A) and glycine receptor antagonist. In the present study, the potential in this scaffold has been explored through the synthesis and pharmacological characterization of a series of N- and O-substituted(More)
A high degree of structural heterogeneity of the GABAA receptors (GABAARs) has been revealed and is reflected in multiple receptor subtypes. The subunit composition of GABAAR subtypes is believed to determine their localization relative to the synapses and adapt their functional properties to the local temporal pattern of GABA impact, enabling phasic or(More)
The ρ-containing γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABAA Rs) play an important role in controlling visual signaling. Therefore, ligands that selectively target these GABAA Rs are of interest. In this study, we demonstrate that the partial GABAA R agonist imidazole-4-acetic acid (IAA) is able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier in vivo; we prepared a(More)
Retinal diseases leading to impaired vision and ultimately blindness are mainly characterized by ischemic and hypoxic stress. Targeting the retinal ρ-containing γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (ρ GABAARs) and thereby decreasing the retinal neuronal activity has been proposed as a novel therapeutic approach. The taurine transporter (TAUT) plays a key(More)
A series of bioisosteric N1- and N2 -substituted 5-(piperidin-4-yl)-3-hydroxypyrazole analogues of the partial GABAA R agonists 4-PIOL and 4-PHP have been designed, synthesized, and characterized pharmacologically. The unsubstituted 3-hydroxypyrazole analogue of 4-PIOL (2 a; IC50 ∼300 μM) is a weak antagonist at the α1 β2 γ2 GABAA R, whereas substituting(More)
A series of 4-(piperidin-4-yl)-1-hydroxypyrazole (4-PHP) 3- or 5-imidazolyl substituted analogues have been designed, synthesized, and characterized pharmacologically. All analogues showed binding affinities in the low micro- to low nanomolar range at native rat GABAA receptors and were found to be antagonists at the human α1β2γ2s receptor. The(More)
  • 1